WATERFOWL of The World

The order Anseriformes contains about 150 living species of birds All species in the order are web-footed for efficient swimming and have a large wide bill with a specialized tongue that allows water to be sucked in the front of the bill. An array of plates traps food particles as the water is expelled out the sides of the bill. Not all species feed this way, some graze on plants and some also catch fish.

Anseriformes has 3 familes, but almost all of the species belong to Anatidae.
Family Anatidae: dabbling ducks, teals, diving ducks, sea duck, shelducks, geese.
Family Anatidae: stiff-tailed ducksswans, whistling ducks,
Family Anhimidae: screamers
Family Anseranatidae: magpie goose

Other species resemble the waterfowl of Anseriformes.
Order Gaviiformes, Family Gaviidae: loons
Order Gruiformes, Family Rallidae: coots, moorhens, crakes, rails
Order Podicipediformes, Family Podicipedidae: grebes


EUROPEAN EUROPEAN Geese

Order Anseriformes    Family Anatidae 
 


The following genus comprise the true geese: Anser, Branta, and Chen. They are large, monogamous waterfowl. The Cape Barren Goose, Spur-winged Goose, and Magpie Goose are not true geese. Similary, many species termed goose actually belong to the shelduck subfamily. The closest relatives of the true geese are the swans of genus cygnus.


Genus Anser
The "grey" geese of genes Anser are closely related to the "black" geese in the genus Branta. Anser geese have pink or orange legs and feet; Branta geese have black or dark gray legs and feet.

Goose, Bean   Anser fabalis   Found: Europe, Asia
The Bean Goose is split by some into the Tiaga Bean Goose (Anser fabalis) and the Tunda Bean Goose (Anser serrirostris). It has brown wing coverts have white fringes; black bill with orange bank; orange legs, feet.
Similar to: Pink-footed Goose. Bean Goose has orange bill-band, leg, feet. Pink-footed Goose has pink bill-band, legs, feet.
Image by: 1) Hiyashi Haka  2) Arne List  3) Jan Svetlik  4) Cano Vaan


Goose, Greater White-fronted also White-fronted Goose  Anser albifrons  Found: North America, Europe, Asia
The Greater White-fronted Goose has white front of face, grayish-brown upperparts, gray breast, pink bill, orange legs and feet.
Similar to: Graylag Goose. Graylag Goose does not have white base to bill. Graylag Goose is largest Anser goose.
Similar to: Lesser White-fronted Goose. Lesser has a bright yellow eye-ring, are smaller in size than the Greater, and the white front extends to the crown of the head.
Image by: 1, 2, 5, 6) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  3, 4) Alan Vernon  
1) This bird has a faint yellow eye-ring, not to be confused with the brighter eye-ring of a Lesser White-fronted Goose.
1, 2, 5, 6) Tule Goose (Anser a. Elgasi)



Goose, Greylag also Graylag Goose  Anser anser   Found: North America (escaped captive), Europe, Asia
The Greylag Goose is grayish-brown. Its plumage is patterned by pale fringes of its feathers. The upperparts are darker than the underparts. It has white eye-ring,
Similar to: Greater White-fronted Goose, Lesser White-fronted Goose. Graylag Goose is largest Anser goose. Graylag Goose does not have white base to bill.
Image by: 1) Alan D Wilson - Washington  2, 3) Dick Daniels - England  4, 5) Dick - Scotland   6) Dick - Virginia 6) Greylag / Domestic Goose hybrid



Goose, Lesser White-fronted   Anser erythropus   Found: Europe, Asia
The Lesser White-fronted Goose has white front of face, grayish-brown upperparts, yellow eye-ring, gray breast, pink bill, orange legs and feet. It is smaller than the Greater White-fronted Goose.
Similar to: Graylag Goose. Graylag Goose does not have white base to bill. Graylag Goose is largest Anser goose.
Similar to: Greater White-fronted Goose. Lesser has a bright yellow eye-ring, smaller in size than the Greater, and the white front extends to the crown of the head.
Image by:  1) distillated - England   2) BS Thurner Hof  3) Tilly Mint - Wales  4)  LHG Creative Photography - England 


Goose, Pink-footed  Anser brachyrhynchus   Found: Europe
The Pink-footed Goose has brown wing coverts have white fringes; black bill with pink bank; pink legs, feet.
Similar to: Bean Goose. Bean Goose has orange bill-band, leg, feet. Pink-footed Goose has pink bill-band, legs, feet.
Image by: 1) Scyrene  2, 4) MPF - Northumberland, UK  3) Stefan Bemdisson



Genus Branta
The Branta geese can be distinguished from other geese by their legs and feet, which are black or very dark grey. Furthermore, they have black bills and large areas of black on the head and neck,

Brant also Brent also Brant Goose Branta bernicla   Found: North America, Europe, Asia
The Brant has a black head and neck, white neck collar, gray-brown back and belly of varying darkness depending on the subspecies, white under-tail.
Image by:  1, 5) Alan D Wilson - British Columbia  2, 3) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights 
    4) Dick on the Cape May, New Jersey ferry  6) Elaine Wilson - British Columbia  7) Cristiano Crolle - Texel, Holland



Goose, Barnacle Branta leucopsis   Found: North America (rare), Europe
The Barnacle Goose has white forehead, cheeks, and throat; black top of head, neck, and breast; light gray belly, light-gray with dark bars back.
Similar to: Canada Goose. Canada Goose has black face; Barnacle Goose has white face.

Image by:  1) Sandy Cole - Birds of Eden, South Africa   2, 3) Dick Daniels - Birds of Eden   4) Dick - Sylvan Heights  5)


Goose, Cackling   Branta hutchinsii Found; North America
The Cackling Goose has white "chinstrap", black face, tan underparts, brown back.
Similar to: Canada Goose. Cackling Goose is usually smaller than Canada Goose. Bill of Cackling Goose is proportionally smaller than bill of Canada Goose. Cackling Goose only breeds in northern Canada so there should be no confusion in the United Stated in breeding season.
Image by: 1, 2) Tim Bowman, USFWS  3) Alan Vernon - California  4) Glen Tepke - California
4) Ridgeway's Cackling Goose  5) Len Blumin
5) Canada Goose with Cackling Geese


Goose, Canada Branta canadensis Found: North America, Europe, Asia, New Zealand (introduced)
The Canada Goose has white "chinstrap", black face, tan underparts, brown back.
Similar to: Barnacle Goose. Canada Goose has black face; Barnacle Goose has white face.
Similar to: Cackling Goose. Cackling Goose is usually smaller than Canada Goose. Bill of Cackling Goose is proportionally smaller than bill of Canada Goose. Cackling Goose only breeds in northern Canada so there should be no confusion in the United Stated in breeding season.
Image by: 1) Alan D Wilson - Burnaby, British Columbia  2) Dick Daniels - New Hampshire  3) Dick - England  4, 5) Dick - North Carolina  6) Dick - New York  7, 8) Dick - New Jersey  9) Dick - California  10) Dick - New York



Goose, Red-breasted   Branta ruficollis   Found: Europe, Asia
Distinctive - nothing else like it!
Image by: 1, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  2) Sandy Cole - Sylvan Heights 





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