DOVEs and PIGEONs of EUROPE

The Columbiformes order contains just one family, the Columbidae which is comprised of dove and pigeon species. They have small heads,short legs, and four unwebbed toes. All Columbiformes are monogamous. Unlike most other birds they are capable of drinking by sucking up water, without needing to tilt the head back.

Order Columbiformes    Family Columbidae


Genus Columba
The "typical" pigeons. Predominately found in Old World.

Dove, Rock also Rock Pigeon also Feral Pigeon Columba livia  Found: almost everywhere
The wild Rock Dove has pale gray plumage; 2 black wing bars. This species includes the domestic pigeon and escaped domestic pigeons have given rise to feral populations around the world.
Similar to: Stock Dove. Rock Dove has more substantial wing bars than Stock Dove. Stock Dove has obvious green neck patch.
Image by: 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7) Dick Daniels   2) Dick - North Carolina
1) This rock dove was Image on the cliffs of John O'Groats Scotland. The cliff residents, now scarce, are the ancestors of all domestic/feral pidgeons.  2) Feral Pigeon similar to wild rock dove.

The following subspecies are: Checkered, Pied

dark, white, white-breasted 
4) Madagascar


Dove, Stock Columba oenas    Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The Stock Dove has gray plumage including gray rump; incomplete wing bars; iridescent green patch on side of neck.
Similar to: wild Rock Dove. Rock Dove has more substantial wing bars than Stock Dove. Stock Dove has obvious green neck patch.
Image by: 1, 3) Jim Gifford 2) Chris Cant - Cumbria, UK 


Pigeon, Common Wood  also  Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus   Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The Common Wood Pigeon  has gray upperparts, head; pinkish breast; white spot on side of neck; white on wing.
Image by: 1) Dick - Scotland  2, 3) Dick Daniels - England   4) Algirdas 
1) Juvenile



Genus Streptopelia
These are mainly slim, small to medium-sized species. The upperparts tend to be pale brown, and the underparts are often a shade of pink. Many have a characteristic black-and-white patch on the neck, and monotonous cooing songs.

Dove, European Turtle-  also Turtle Dove  Streptopelia turtur  Found: Europe, Africa
The European Turtle-Dove has black-and-white striped neck patch; brown mottled back, wings; light throat; pinkish breast; white belly; pale gray flanks.
Image by: 1, 2) Miguel Gonzlez Novo  3) Skolan 124  4) Dick - Sylvan Heights


Dove, Eurasian Collared- Streptopelia decaocto   Found: North America, Europe, Asia
The Eurasian Collared-Dove has gray-buff to pinkish-gray plumage; gray-buff upper-tail; dark gray under-tail; black half collar; white or yellow eye-ring; black bill; red legs.
Similar to: Ringed Turtle-Dove. The Ringed Turtle-Dove is a domesticated dove that may have descended from the Eurasian Collared-Dove.
Image by:   1, 2) Anemone Projectors - England  3)  Frank Vassen - Canary Islands    4) Ted Grussing   5) Dick Daniels - England  6) Dick - Arizona  7) Dick - New Hampshire







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