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WATERFOWL

Order Anseriformes    Family Anatidae

The order Anseriformes contains about 150 living species of birds All species in the order are web-footed for efficient swimming and have a large wide bill with a specialized tongue that allows water to be sucked in the front of the bill. An array of plates traps food particles as the water is expelled out the sides of the bill. Not all species feed this way, some graze on plants and some also catch fish.

Anseriformes has 3 familes, but almost all of the species belong to Anatidae.
Family Anatidae: dabbling ducks, teals, diving ducks, sea duck, shelducks, geese.
Family Anatidae: stiff-tailed ducksswans, whistling ducks,
Family Anhimidae: screamers
Family Anseranatidae: magpie goose

Other species resemble the waterfowl of Anseriformes.
Order Gaviiformes, Family Gaviidae: loons
Order Gruiformes, Family Rallidae: coots, moorhens, crakes, rails
Order Podicipediformes, Family Podicipedidae: grebes


Dabbling Ducks
 


Dabbling Ducks belong to genus Anas as is also true for teals. Teals have been given their own web page as an arbitrary way to split the presentation of this large genus. Dabbling ducks do not totally submerge when feeding and are often seen with just their rears showing as the search for food. Because of their feeding method, Dabbling Ducks have evolved to be more buoyant than diving ducks. Most birders identify this type of duck as a "Dabbling Duck", but I personlly think "Dipping Duck" is more descriptive.


Genus Amazonetta - 1 species

Teal, Brazilian   Amazonetta brasiliensis  Found: eastern South America
One of the Brazilian Teal's closest relative is the Bronze-winged Duck. It is light brown upperpart. Male has red bill, female has black bill.
Image by: 1) Pedro_De_Paula  2, 3) Claudio Timm   4) John_Proctor   5) Dario Sanches - Brazil 
1) Pair - female in fore-ground  2) Female  3 - 5) Male




Genus Anas
This genus contains the dabbling ducks, so called because the dip their heads for food. They generally do not dive for food. Included are the mallard like, wigeons, teals, pintails and shovelers.

Duck, African Black  Anas sparsa  Found: Africa
The African Black Duck is an entirely black duck with white marks on its back. Appears to be genetically closest to the Mallard Duck.
Image by: 1, 3) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights   2) Joseph Mochoge - Gilgil, Kenya   4) Dick - World of Birds, South Africa   5) Ian White - Botswana  6) Peter Steward - Kenya


Duck, American Black Anas rubripes   Found: east North America, Bahamas
The American Black Deck has a dark brown body, dark eyes, orange legs. The female has a dull green bill, the male has a yellow bill.
Similar to: Mallard, Mottled Duck. Body variation from light to dark: Mallard, Mottled Duck, American Black Duck.  Mottled Duck and Mallard have brighter bills than American Black Duck. Mottled Duck distinguished by black mark at its gape (where bill joins face).
Image by:  1) Jimmy Smith - Mississippi  2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights   4) Dick - Acadia National Park, Maine  7) Dick on the Cape May, New Jersey ferry
1, 2, 3, 4) Female   5 - 9) Male  


Duck, Falcated  Anas falcata    Found: Europe, Asia
The breeding male Falcated Duck has a gray body, dark green head, bronze crown, white throat. The female has a mottled brown body, long gray bill. The nonbreeding male is similar to the female but darker on the back and head.
Image by; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) Dick Daniels- Sylvan Heights  
1) Female on top, bottom nonbreeding male  2, 3) Female  4. 5. 6) Breedin male



Duck,_Laysan    also  Laysan Teal  Anas laysanensis   Found: Laysan island of Hawaii
The Laysan Duck has mainly dark brown plumage; prominent white eye-ring; orange legs, feet. Male has dark green bill with black blotching. Female has orange bill with black blotching.
Image by: 1) Pinned  2) Caleb Slemmons  3) Jimmy_Breeden   4) USFWS  5) Eike Wulfmeyer 6) Kanalu Chock
1) Pair  2, 3) Female  4, 5) Male



Duck,_Meller's  Anas melleri  Found: Eastern Madagascar
The Meller's Duck looks similar to a Mallard and its other relatives, but the Meller's Duck does not have a superciliu.
Image by: 1, 2) Lt Shears - Louisville Zoo  3) Sarefo  4) Francesco_Veronesi


Duck, Mottled   Anas fulvigula Found: southeast North America
The Mottled Duck has a dark mottled body, lighter head and neck, orange legs and dark eyes. Both sexes have a shiny green-blue speculum (wing patch), which is not bordered with white. Black mark at gape (where bill joins face).  The male's bill is bright yellow; the female's is deep to pale orange.
Similar to: American Black Duck, Mallard. Body variation from light to dark: Mallard, Mottled Duck, American Black Duck.  Mottled Duck and Mallard have brighter bills than American Black Duck. Mottled Duck distinguished by black mark at its gape (where bill joins face).
Image by: 1) T Davis - Florida  2) Tom Friedel - Florida  3, 4, 7, 8) Dick Daniels - Florida   5) Wes Bryant - Florida   6)  Peter Wallack - Florida 
1) Ducklings  2, 3) Pair (male on left)  4) Female   5 - 8) Male


Duck, Pacific Black also Grey Duck Anas superciliosa   Found: Australia, New Zealand
The Pacific Black Duck has a dark body, a paler head with a dark crown and facial stripes. In flight, it shows a green speculum and pale underwing. All plumages are similar.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  3) Dick - New Zeland  4,  5, 6) Dick - Australia  7) Oystercatcher



Duck,_Philippine Anas luzonica   Found: Southeast Asia
The Philippine Duck has a black crown, nape and eye stripe; cinnamon head and neck, grayish brown legs; blue gray bill.. Rest of body is grayish brown with a bright green speculum.
Image by: 1) Wayne_Dumbleton  2, 3, 4, 5) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights   6) Mark_Harper - Luzon, Philippines




Duck, Spot-billed   Anas poecilorhyncha   Found: Asia
The Spot-billed Duck is mainly gray with a paler head and neck and a black bill tipped bright yellow. The Indian Spot-billed Duck has a dark eye-line; the Eastern Spot-billed Duck has 2 dark lines on the side of its head.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights
1, 2) Indian Spot-billed Duck (A. poecilorhyncha poecilorhyncha)
3, 4, 5, 6) Eastern Spot-billed Duck  also Chinese Spot-billed Duck (A. poecilorhyncha zonorhyncha)  



Duck, Yellow-billed Anas undulata   Found: Africa
The Yellow-billed Duck has mottled gray upperparts and lower parts, dark gray head and neck, yellow bill with black center.
Image by: 1, 4, 5) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  2,3) Dick - Plettenberg Bay, South Africa   6) Dick - Jacksonville Zoo, Florida



Gadwall Anas strepera   Found: North America, Europe, Asia, Africa
The breeding male Gadwall has gray upperparts and lowerparts, light chestnut wings, and a white speculum. The female has a mottled brown body, dark orange-edged bill, white speculum, light belly. The nonbreeding male resembles the female but is grayer above and has less orange on the bill.
Similar to: female Mallard. Female Gadwall has a squarer head than female Mallard. Mallard has more pronounced eye-line.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights     4) Jeff Whitlock - Texas   5) Steve Voght - Washington   10 )Cristiano Crolle - Cesano Maderno, Italy   11) Charlie Westerinen - Utah
1, 2) Pair  3 - 6) Female  7 - 11) Male


Garganey Anas querquedula  Found: North America (infrequent), Europe, Asia, Africa, Australasia
The male Garganey has brown head and breast, reddish-brown face, broad white crescent over the eye, gray bill and legs. The rest of the plumage is gray. Female Garganey has light area below and in front of its dark eye-line and a light area behind and above the eye-line.
Similar to: female Blue-winged Teal. Female Blue-winged Teal has white eye-ring; female Garganey does not. Blue-winged Teal has yellow legs, Garganey does not.
Similar to: female Common Teal, female Green-winged Teal. Female Garganey has light area below and in front of its dark eye-line and a light area behind and above the eye-line. The corresonding areas of the female teal is much darker.
Image by: 1, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights     2) Sergey Pisarevskiy - Siberia, Russia   3) Frankie Chu  4) Steve Garvey - Scotland  9) Sandy Cole - Sylvan Heights   10) Cristiano Crolle - Torrile, Italy
1 - 5) Female   7 - 10) Male


Koloa also Hawaiian Duck  Anas wyvilliana     Endemic to Hawaii
Similar to: Mallard. Both male and female Koloa resemble a female Mallard. The male Koloa has a darker head and neck than the female Koloa.
Image by: 1, 4, 5, 6) Dick Daniels - Maui, Hawaii  2, 3) Dick - Sylvan Heights 
Often interbreeds with mallards, difficult to tell visually if a pure koloa.
1) Female, Male  2) Male  3, 4) Female



Mallard Anas platyrhynchos   Found: The Americas, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australasia
The breeding male Mallard has a glossy green head; white collar; purple-tinged brown breast; gray belly; yellowish-orange bill tipped with black. Female and nonbreeding male are predominantly mottled with individual feathers varying from buff to dark brown, a coloration shared by most female dabbling ducks. Female and nonbreeding males have dark eye-line and lighter supercilium.
Similar to: American Black Duck, Mottled Duck. Body variation from light to dark: Mallard, Mottled Duck, American Black Duck.  Mottled Duck and Mallard have brighter bills than American Black Duck. Mottled Duck distinguished by black mark at its gape (where bill joins face).
Similar to: female Gadwall. Female Gadwall has a squarer head than female Mallard. Mallard had more pronounced eye-line.
Similar to: Hawaiian Duck. Both male and female Hawaiian (Koloa) resemble a female Mallard. The male Koloa has a darker head and neck than the female Koloa.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11) Dick Daniels   4) Alan D Wilson - British Columbia  5) Cristiano Crolle - Germignaga, Italy
2 - 6) Female


Pintail, Eaton's   Anas eatoni  Found: islands in southern Indian Ocean
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Hanuise  3) Pinned


Pintail, Northern Anas acuta Found: North America, Europe, Asia, Africa
Both sexes have a long neck. Male has long tail, especially when breeding. Female has plain brown head.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - the North Carolina Zoo   2, 3, 6, 7) Dick - Sylvan Heights   4, 7) Dick - Wyoming   8) Sandy Cole - Sylvan Heights  9) Cristiano Crolle - Racconigi, Italy
1, 2) Pair 3, 4, 5) Female 6 - 8) Male


Pintail, White-cheeked Anas bahamensis   Found: Infrequently in Florida, Galapagos Islands, South America
The White-cheeked Pintail is mainly brown, has a white throat and cheeks, gray bill with white cheeks. No similar birds in its range.
Image by:  1, 2) Dick Daniels- Mary Point Pond, St. John, Virgin Islands   3, 5, 7, 8) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights    4) Dick - Washington National Zoo   6) Dick - the Galapagos Islands 9) Dick - the Galapagos Islands  10) Sandy Cole - Sylvan Heights
7, 8, 9) White morph




Pintail, Yellow-billed  Anas georgica  Found:  South America 
The Yellow-billed Pintail has brown head and neck, yellow bill with black tip and black stripe, brown tail, brownish tail, grayish brown upper wing, blackish-green secondaries.The rest of the body is buffish brown with varying size black spots.
Similar to : Yellow-billed Teal. Yellow-billed Pintail has spotted flanks, Yellow-billed teal does not. Yellow-billed teal has larger spots on chest than Yellow-billed Pintail.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 5) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  4) Charlie Westerinen - Tierra Del Fuego  6) Nick Athanas - Argentina


Shoveler, Australasian  Anas rhynchotis  Found: Australia, New Zealand
All shovelers have long bills.
The breeding male Australasian Shoveler has a blue gray head, vertical white stripe near base of bill, chestnut underparts, yellow eyes. Nonbreeding male is duller. The female has mottled brown upperparts and lowerparts, dark brown eyes.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights
1) Pair  2, 3, 5) Female  6 - 9) Male


Shoveler,_Cape   Anas smithii Found: Africa
All shovelers have long bills.
The Cape Shoveler is mottled brown, has dark bill, dull orange legs. The male has yellow eyes, the female brown. Female has the darker head.
Image by: 1, 2, 6, 7) Derek_Keats  3) Dick - Sylvan Heights  4, 5) Dick Daniels - Birds of Eden, South Africa 
1) Female  2, 3) Male



Shoveler, Northern Anas clypeata   Found: North America, Europe, Asia, Australia (rare)
All shovelers have long bills.
The breeding male Northern Shoveler has greenish black head, white breast, chestnut belly and flanks, black bill, yellow eyes. The female is mottled brown, orange bill tinged with gray, brown eyes. Nonbreeding male resembles female but is darker.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9) Dick - Sylvan Heights Waterfowl Park  
1, 2) Pair  3, 4) Female 45 - 9) Male


Shoveler, Red  Anas platalea  Found:  South America 
The Red Shoveler has mainly cinnamon colored plumage with dark spot; light gray head, black bill.
Similar to: Cinnamon Teal. Male Cinnamon Teal has darker head than male Red Shoveler.
Image by: 1, 5, 6) Nick Athanas - Argentina  2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  
1) Female 2 - 6) Male



Wigeon, American also Baldpate  Anas americana   Found: North America, southwest South America
The American Wigeon has white belly, gray legs. The breeding male has a green crescent from its eyes to nape, off white crown that extends to its bill, pinkish brown back and breast, small black tipped light bill. The nonbreeding male has vestigial green and white on its head. The female has grayish brown back, gray head, chestnut breast, small black tipped gray bill.
Similar to: Eurasian Wigeon. The male American Wigeon and Eurasian Wigeon are distinctive. The female American Wigeon has white underwing, the female Eurasian Wigeon has gray underwing.
Image by:  1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 9) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights    3) Dick Daniels - North Carolina    4, 5) Dick - Seward, Alaska  11) Alan D Wilson - near San Diego, California
1, 2, 3) Pair  4) Adult female and juvenile   5) Juvenile  6) Female  7 - 11) Male


Wigeon, Chilöe Anas sibilatrix   Found: South America
The Chiloe Wigeon has gray back with white patterns, dark green head, white cheeks and forehead, gray black tipped bill, black and white barred breast, orange brown sides.
Image by: 1, 3, 4, 5, 6) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  2) Sandy Cole - Sylvan Heights  7) Nick Athanas - Argentina
1) Female top, male bottom  2, 3, 4) Probably female  5, 6, 7) Probably male



Wigeon, Eurasian  Anas penelope    Rare: North America. Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The Eurasian Wigeon has white belly, gray legs, small black tipped light bill. The breeding male has gray back and flanks, chestnut head, off white crown that extends to its bill, pink breast. The female is brown. The nonbreeding male resembles the female.
Similar to: American Wigeon. The male American Wigeon and Eurasian Wigeon are distinctive. The female American Wigeon has white underwing, the female Eurasian Wigeon has gray underwing.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights
1, 2, 3) Female 4 - 7) Male




Genus Chenonetta - 1 species

Duck, Australian Wood also Maned Duck Chenonetta jubata   Found: Australia.
The Australian Wood Duck is gray with a dark brown head and mottled breast. The female has white stripes above and below the eye and also mottled flanks.
Similar to: Spotted Whistling-Duck. Both species have spots on the breast, but heads are very different.
Image by:   1) Dick Damiels - Birds of Eden, South Africa   2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9) Dick - Sylvan Heights Waterfowl Park  6) Dick - Australia  10) Charlie Westerinen - Tamsmania
1 - 5) Female  6 - 9) Male



Genus Lophonetta - 1 species

Duck, Crested Lophonetta specularoides  Found: South America
The Crested Duck has dark brown upperparts with some light mottling, light mottled brown underparts, dark crown with darker mask.
Similar to: Marbled Duck. Their ranges do not overlap.
Image by:  1, 2) Claudio Timm  - Argentine Lake, Argentina  3) Charlie Westerinen - Ushuaia Argentina.  4, 5) Nick Athanas - Argentina, Chile




Genus Pteronetta - 1 species

Duck, Hartlaub's Pteronetta hartlaubii Found: African forests
The Harlaub's Duck has chestnut plumage with black head and upper neck, white above base of the bill.
Image by:  1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights



Genus Sarkidiornis - 1 species

Duck, Knob-billed  also Comb Duck  Sarkidiornis melanotos   Found: Asia, Africa, South America
The Knob-billed Duck has white head speckled with dark spots, white underparts, glossy blue-black upperparts. The male has a black knob on the bill. In South America ( S. m. sylvicola) the male has dark flanks, the female has medium colored flanks. In the Old Workd (S. m. melanotos) the flanks are light colored.
DNA analysis of the Knob-billed duck species suggests that it is a basal member of the Anatidae family. That is, the Knob-billed Duck does not have any close relatives.
Image by: 1, 2,  4, 5, 6) Dick - Sylvan Heights   3) Sandy Cole - Sylvan Heights   7, 8) Lip Kee - India  9) Arno Meintjes   10)   Ian White - Zambia  
1 -  6)   Sarkidiornis m. sylvicola   1 - 4) Female  5, 6) Male
7 - 10)  Sarkidiornis m. melanotos  7, 8) Female  9, 10) Male





Genus Speculanas - 1 species

Duck, Bronze-winged also Spectacled Duck  Speculanas specularis  Found: South America
The Bronze-winged duck has a bronze speculum, white spectacles, and a white partial collar.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  3) Dick - Sylvan Heights



Genus Stictonetta - 1 species

Duck, Freckled Stictonetta naevosa   Found: Australia
The Freckled Duck's body is covered with black freckles. The male is darker than the female and in breeding season has a red bill.
The Freckled Duck seens to trace its roots way back in time, to before true ducks evolved.
Image by:  1) Sandy Cole - Sylvan Heights   2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7) Dick - Sylvan Heights  
1) Chick  2, 3, 4) Female  5, 6, 7) Male




Genus Tachyeres
There a 4 species of Steamer-ducks. Three are flightless and one can fly, but only rarely.  The common name "steamer ducks" derives because, when swimming fast, they flap their wings into the water as well as using their feet, creating an effect like a paddle steamer. The Steamer-ducks have been traditionally been listed withe shelducks, but DNA evidence indicates they are closer to the Bronzed-winged duck.

Duck, Falkland Steamer-  Tachyeres brachypterus  Found: Falkland Islands
The Falkland Streamer-Duck has mainly gray plumage. Male has white head, neck; female has gray head; white stripe behind eye.
Image by: 1) Pismire  2, 3, 6) David Cook  4, 5) Nick Athanas
1 - 4) Female 5, 6) Male



Duck, Flightless Steamer-   also Fuegian Steamer-Duck  Tachyeres pteneres  Found: South America
The male Flightless Streamer-Duck has blue-gray head, neck; paler forehead; narrow white eye-ring continuing backwards as a stripe; reddish-brown throat; white belly, Female has darker gray head; darker reddish on throat. They use their wings as paddles instead of for flying.
Image by: 1) Olaf Riemer  2) Alois Staudacher  3) Natlie Tapson  4) Nick Athanas - Argentina


Duck, Flying Steamer-  Tachyeres patachonicus  Found: South America
The Flying Streamer-Duck is the only one that can fly and the only one found on inland lakes.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Argentina   2, 3) Charlie Westerinen - Ushuaia, Argentina
1) Male left; female right


Duck, White-headed Steamer-  also  Chubut Steamer-Duck  Tachyeres leucocephalus Found; south Argentina
The White-headed Streamer-Duck is only found along a rather small and sparsely populated stretch of coast around the Golfo San Jorge in southern Chubut and northern Santa Cruz Provinces.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Argentina  2) Chucao 3) Dario Podesta
1) Pair, male in front   3) Female






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