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CUCKOOS and their Allies

Order Cuculiformes   Family Cuculidae

In addition to cuckoos, the cuckoo family Cuculidae also includes the roadrunners, koels, malkohas, couas, coucals and anis. The coucals and anis are sometimes separated as distinct families. The cuckoos are generally medium sized slender birds. The majority are of the cuculidae family are arboreal, with a sizeable minority that are terrestrial. Most are tropical and the temperate species are migratory. The cuckoos feed on insects, insect larva, as well as fruit. Many species are brood parasites, laying their eggs in the nests of other species, but the majority of species raise their own young. Cuckoos are medium sized birds that range in size from 15-63 cm. There is generally little sexual dimorphism in size, but where it exists, it can be either the male or the female that is larger. There are two basic body forms, arboreal species which are slender and have short tarsi, and terrestrial species which are more heavy set and have long tarsi. Almost all species have long tails which are used for steering in terrestrial species and as a rudder during flight in the arboreal species.

The turacos have also been consider part of the Cuculiformes order, but they may be placed in their own order Musophagiformes.



MALKOHAs and COUAs


Genus
Carpococcyx

Cuckoo, Borneo Ground-
  Carpococcyx radiceus  Found: Borneo (Indonesia, Malaysia)
Image by: 1) Nicholas LeJeune


Cuckoo, Coral-billed Ground-
  Carpococcyx renauldi  Found: Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam
Image by: 1, 2) Alois Staudacher



Genus Ceuthmochares - 1 species

Yellowbill  Ceuthmochares aereuFound: Africa
The Yellowbill has grayish head, belly throat; heavy yellow bill. Depending on subspecies, it has green or green and blue or blue back, wings, tail.
Image by: 1, 2) Francesco Veronesi - Ghana  3) Jim Scarff - South Africa



Genus Coua
These cuckoos are found on Madagascar. They have brightly colored bare skin around the eyes.

Coua, Blue  Coua caerulea  Found: Madagascar
The Blue Coua has mainly blue plumage.
Image by: 1) Olaf Riemer  2) Ross Tsai


Coua, Coquerel's  Coua coquereli  Found: Madagascar
The Coquerel's Coua has olive-green upperparts; pale upper-breast; reddish lower-breast, belly; blue patch around eye surrounded by black border.
Similar to: Gaint Coua. Coquerel's Coua has reddish bellly; Giant Coua belly has very little red.
Image by: 1) Ross Tsai  2) Bernard Dupont  3, 4, 5) Dick Daniels - Kirindy Forest, Madagascar



Coua, Crested  Coua cristata  Found: Madagascar
The Crested Coua has greenish-gray upperparts; gray crest; rufous breast; white belly; brown eye with blue bare orbital skin.
Similar to: Verreaux's Coua. Verreaux's Coua has darker crested than Crested-Coua.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo  3) Pat and Keith Taylor - Mosa Spiny Forest Reserve


Coua, Giant  Coua gigas  Found: Madagascar
The Giant Coua has olive-green upperparts; buff underparts; blue patch around eye surrounded by black border.
Similar to: Coquerel's Coua. Coquerel's Coua has reddish bellly; Giant Coua belly has very little red.
Image by: 1) David Cook  2) J Fi  3) Daniel Guip  4, 5) Dick Daniels - Kirindy Forest, Madagascar



Coua, Red-breasted  Coua serriana  Found: Madagascar
The Red-breasted Coua has olive-green upperparts; dark red breast; blue patch around eye surrounded by black.
Image by: 1) Francois Dorothe


Coua, Red-capped  Coua ruficeps  Found: Madagascar
The Red-capped Coua has a red crown; blue around the eyes.
Similar to: Red-fronted Coua. Red-capped Coua has red on entire cap; Red-fronted Coua has red on front half of crown.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Arboretum near Tulear, Madagascar.  4) David Cook 
1, 2, 3) Subspecies Green-capped Coua (Coua ruficeps olivaceiceps)


Coua, Red-fronted  Coua reynaudii  Found: Madagascar
The Red-fronted Coua has red on the front half of its crown; blue around the eyes.
Similar to: Red-capped Coua. Red-capped Coua has red on entire cap; Red-fronted Coua has red on front half of crown.
Image by: 1) David Cook  2) Ken Behrens


Coua, Running  Coua cursor  Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1) Ross Tsai  2) Fracois Dorothe


Coua, Verreaux's   Coua verreauxi  Found: Madagascar
The Verreaux's Coua has gray upperparts; dark gray crest; brown eye with blue bare orbital skin.
Similar to: Crested Coua. Verreaux's Coua has darker crested than Crested-Coua.
Image by: 1) Louise Jasper



Genus Phaenicophaeus

Malkohas, large birds in the cuckoo family Cuculidae, are all Asian tropical species. They are not parasitic brooders. They seldom fly and are usually silent.

Malkoha, Black-bellied  Phaenicophaeus diardi  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: 1) Marc


Malkoha, Blue-faced  Phaenicophaeus viridirostris  Found: Indian subcontinent
The Blue-faced Malkoha has dark green upperparts; green upper-tail edged with white; large blue patch around eye; green bill.
Image by: 1) Osado - India  2) Lip Kee - Sri Lanka  3) Joby Joseph - India


Malkoha, Chestnut-bellied  Phaenicophaeus sumatranus  Found: Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Lip Kee - Singapore


Malkoha, Chestnut-breasted  Phaenicophaeus curvirostris  Found: Myanmar, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
The Chestnut-breasted Malkoha has gray and dark green upperparts; chestnut underparts.
Image by: 1) Rafael Robanya - Miami Zoo  2) Nathan Rupert - San Diego Zoo  3) Evan Parker  4) Dick Daniels - Bronx Zoo  5) Lip Kee - Malaysia
1) Female, Broken or deformed bill   2 - 5) Male



Malkoha, Green-billed  Phaenicophaeus tristis  Found: south Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: 1) Lip Kee - India  2) Hiyashi Haka  3) Tarak Kahn


Malkoha, Raffles's   Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeusalso Rhinortha chlorophaeus   Found: south east Asia, , Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: 1) Lip Kee - Malaysia  2) Mark Benedict - Malaysia


Malkoha, Red-billed  Phaenicophaeus javanicus  Found: southeast Asia
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo  3) Johnny Wee


Malkoha, Red-crested  also  Rough-crested MalkohFound: Philippines
Image by: 1) Blake Matheson  2) Francesco Veronesi


Malkoha, Red-faced  Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus  Found: Sri Lanka
The Red-faced Malkoha has dark green upperparts; black crown, throat; white lower face; red eye-patch; green bill.
Image by: 1) P Khoo  2) Amila Salgado  3) Steve Garvie


Malkoha, Scale-feathered   Phaenicophaeus cumingi Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) Lius Limchiu


Malkoha, Sirkeer   Phaenicophaeus leschenaultii   Found: Asia
The Sirkeer Malkoha has mainly earthy-brown plumage with some rufous on underparts; long tail may be edged with white; hooked bill may be red or yellow. Juvenile duller and barred above.
Image by: 1, 3) JM Garg - India  2) Jugal Tiwari - India


Malkoha, Yellow-billed  Phaenicophaeus calyorhynchus  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Arie Frahman - North Sulawesi  2) Francesco Veronesi - Tangkoko Sulawesi







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