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Order Passeriformes    Family Contingidae


The members of the Cotingidae family live in Central America and tropical South Ameria. They have broad bills, with hooked tips, and strong legs. Many of the males are brightly colored, or decorated with plumes or wattles. They eat fruit and insects.


Genus Ampelioides - 1 species

Fruiteater, Scaled  Ampelioides tschudii  Found: mainly Columbia, Ecuador, Peru; also Bolivia, Venezuela
The Scaled Fruiteater has heavily patterned upperparts which resemble scales; green underparts; white throat. Male has black cap.
Image by: 1) Juan José Arango  2)  Josephe Huet  3) Julian Zuleta 4) Nick Athanas - Ecuador
1) Female 2, 3, 4) Male



Genus Ampelion

Cotinga, Chestnut-crested  Ampelion rufaxilla  Found: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
The Chestnut-crested Cotinga has dark forehead; red crest, nape, cheeks, throat; yellowish and black streaked underparts.
Image by: 1) Columbia Travel  2) Jose_Castano - Columbia  Nick Athanas - Peru, Ecuador


Cotinga, Red-crested  Ampelion rubrocristatus Found: South America
The Red-crested Cotinga has mainly gray plumage; whitish base to bill. Its red crest  is usually laid back and not visible.
Image by: 1, 2) Jei Pov  3) Francesco Veronesi  4) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  5) Sebastian_Moreno




Genus Calyptura - 1 species

Calyptura, Kinglet  Calyptura cristata  Found: Brazil
This species may be extinct. Debatable if member of cotinga family.
Image by: 1, 2) William Swainson



Genus Carpodectes

Cotinga, Black-tipped  Carpodectes hopkei  Found: Panama, Columbia, Ecuador
The male Black-tipped Cotinga has mainly white plumage; indistinct black tips to outer flight feathers. Female has grayish upperparts; white underparts; white edging to wing coverts.
Image by: 1, 2) Nick Athanas - Ecuador


Cotinga,_Snowy  Carpodectes nitidus Found: Central America
The male Snowy-Continga has mainly white plumage; slight bluish-gray tinge on head, back. Female has pale brownish-gray plumage; slightly darker wings bordered with black. Both have bluish-gray bill.
Similar to: Yellow-billed Cotinga. Snow Cotinga has dark bill; yellow-billed Cotinga has yellow bill.
Image by: 1) Biodiversity_Heritage_Library  2) Nick Athanas - Costa Rica 3) Francesco_Veronesi - Costa Rica
1) Pair 2) Male


Cotinga, Yellow-billed  Carpodectes antoniae  Found: Costa Rica
The male Yellow-billed Cotinga has white plumage; yellow bill. Female has gray upperparts; white underparts.
Similar to: Snowy Cotinga. Snowy Cotinga has dark bill; yellow-billed Cotinga has yellow bill.
Image by: 1) Reinaldo Aguilar  2) Jan veenstra



Genus Carpornis

Berryeater, Black-headed  Carpornis melanocephala   Found: southeast Brazil near the coast
The Black-headed Berryeater has green upperpart; black head; barred greenish-yellow underparts.
Similar to: Hooded Berryeater. Black-headed Berryeater has barred underparts; Hooded Berryeater does not have barring.
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches  3) Brendan_Ryan - Brazil


Berryeater,_Hooded  Carpornis cucullata  Found: southeast Brazil near the coast
The Hooded Berryeater has green upperpart; black head; greenish-yellow underparts.
Similar to: Black-headed Berryeater. Black-headed Berryeater has barred underparts; Hooded Berryeater does not have barring.
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi  2) Claudio Timm  3) Nick Athanas - Brazil  4) Brendan_Ryan



Genus Cephalopterus
The umbrellabirds are almost entirely black, and have a conspicuous crest on the top of their head, vaguely resembling an umbrella. All have an inflatable wattle on the neck, which serves to amplify their loud, booming calls. Females resemble males, but are noticeably smaller and have a reduced crest and wattle.

Umbrellabird, Amazonian   Cephalopterus ornatus Found: South America
The Amazonian Umbrellabird has black plumage; pale eye; large crest. Male has long feather wattle dangling off breast.
Image by: 1) Claudio Timm
1) Female


Umbrellabird,_Bare-necked   Cephalopterus glabricollis   Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The male Bare-necked Umbrellabird has mainly black plumage; red bare neck, front of throat;  large "umbrella" crest. Female has all black plumage; black bare neck; smaller crest.;
Image by: 1) Nick_Athanas - Costa Rica  2, 4) David Rodríguez Arias - Costa Rica  3) Lichter 
1) Juvenile male  2) Female and juvenile male  3, 4) Male


Umbrellabird, Long-wattled  Cephalopterus penduliger Found: Columbia, Ecuador
The Long-wattled Umbrellabird has black plumage, crest, wattle. The male's wattle can be very long.
Image by: 1) Patricia van Casteren  2) Joseph Wolf  3) Hectonichus  4) Nick_Athanas - Ecuador



Genus Conioptilon

Cotinga,_Black-faced  Conioptilon mcilhennyi  Found: mainly Peru; also Bolivia, Brazil
The Black-face Cotinga has mainly gray plumage; palest on belly; darkest on wings; blackish head.
Image by: ) hbw.com



Genus Cotinga
These continga feed mainly on fruit high in trees. Males are blue with areas of purple. Females are mainly brown, often the with pale feather edges giving a scaled or speckle appearance.

Cotinga,_Banded  Cotinga maculata  Found: southeast Brazil
The male Banded Cotinga has blue upperparts; dark underparts with blue breast-band. Female has brown upperparts, spottted underparts.
Image by: 1) Ciro Albano  2) Marcelino_Dias   Nick_Athanas
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Cotinga, Blue  Cotinga nattererii  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Panama, Venezuela
Image by: 1) Dominic Sherony  2) Dave Curtis - Panama  3) Arthur_Chapman  4) Francesco_Veronesi
1, 2) Female 3, 4) Male


Cotinga, Lovely  Cotinga amabilis  Found: Mexico, Central America
The male Lovely Cotinga has mainly blue plumage; dark purple patch on throat, belly. Female has `dark brown upperparts with white scales; whitish underparts with brown spots.
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf  2) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica


Cotinga, Plum-throated  Cotinga maynanFound: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
The male Plum-throated Cotinga has mainly-turquoise blue plumage; plum colored purple throat; black primaries; yellow eyes.
Image by: 1) Gregory Smith - Ecuador  2) Albert_Michaud - Ecuador


Cotinga, Purple-breasted  Cotinga cotinga Found: South America
The male Purple-breasted Cotinga has a dark breast.
Image by: 1) Michel GIRAUD-AUDINE - French Guyana  2) Caesura - specimen  3) Francisco Falcon


Cotinga, Spangled  Cotinga cayana  Found: Amazon rainforest of South America
The male Spangle Cotinaga has mainly turquoise blue plumage; black "spangling" on back, wings; purple throat; dark eyes. Female has dull brownish-gray plumage; darker wings; faint mottling on underparts.
Image by: 1, 3) Greg Hume - Cincinnati Zoo  2) Ltshears  4) Mathias_Appel  5) Dick Daniels - Woodland Park Zoo
1) Female 2, 3, 4) Male



Cotinga, Turquoise   Cotinga ridgwayi   Found: Costa Rica, Panama
The male Turquoise Cotinga has mainly turquoise-blue plumage; dark purple throat, lower belly. Female has dusky upperparts; buffy underparts with black spotting; white spotting on head.
Image by: 1) Kristian Svensson - Costa Rica 2) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica  3) Juan Carlos Vindas - Costa Rica
1) Female 2, 3) Male



Genus Doliornis

Cotinga, Bay-vented  Doliornis sclateri  Found: Peru
The Bay-vented Continga has dark brown upperparts; paler brown underparts; reddish-brown tail-coverts; gray throat, face. Male has black crown; female lacks black crown.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas
1) Male


Cotinga,_Chestnut-bellied   Doliornis remseni  Found: mainly Columbia, Ecuador; also far northern Peru
Image by: 1) Daniel_Orozco - Columbia



Genus Gymnoderus - 1 species

Fruitcrow,_Bare-necked  Gymnoderus foetidus  Found: South America
The Bare-necked Fruitcrow has bare blue skin patches on the throat. Male has black plumage with silvery wings. Female has slate-gray plumage.
Image by: 1) Joao Quental  2, 3) Nick Athanas - Brazil



Genus Haematoderus - 1 species

Fruitcrow, Crimson  Haematoderus militaris  Found: northeast South America
The male Crimson Fruitcrow has crimson head, mantle, underparts, rump; brown wings, tail. Female has brown upperparts; rosy red head, neck, underparts
Image by: 1) Jose Merizo



Genus Lipaugus

Piha, Chestnut-capped  Lipaugus weberi  Found: Columbia
The Chestnut-capped Piha has mainly gray plumage; chestnut-brown crown; yellow orbital ring, gape.
Image by: 1) Andres Cuervo  2) Diego_Calderon  3) Nick_Athanas


Piha, Cinnamon-vented Lipaugus lanioides  Found: Brazil
The Cinnamon-vented Piha has mainly cinnamon-brown plumage; brighter cinnamon in the vent area.
Image by: 1) Dario Sanches  2) Claudio Timm  3) Nick_Athanas


Piha, Dusky  Lipaugus fuscocinereus  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Dusky Piha has gray plumage; darker upperparts; large based-bill which is slightly down-curved.
Image by: 1) Columbia Travel  2) Francesco Veronesi  3) Nick_Athanas - Ecuador  4) Roger_Alham


Piha, Rose-collared  Lipaugus streptophorus  Found: southeastern Venezuela, western Guyana, far northern Brazil
The Rose-collared Piha has mainly gray plumage; pink under-tail coverts. Male has bold pink collar.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) MarceloCamachob


Piha, Rufous  Lipaugus unirufus   Found: Mexico, Central America, Columbia, Ecuador
The Rufous Piha has reddish-brown plumage; paler underparts.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Amy McAndrews - Chiapas, Mexico  3) Nick_Athanas - Costa Rica


Piha, Screaming  Lipaugus vociferans  Found: South America
The Screaming Piha has gray plumage; paler gray on belly.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - National Aviary  2) Sean McCann - French Guiana  3, 4, 5) Dick - Amazon Rain Forest, Ecuador



Piha, Scimitar-winged  Lipaugus uropygialis  Found: Bolivia, Peru
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Daniel Land - Bolivia



Genus Perissocephalus - 1 species

Capuchinbird   Perissocephalus tricolor  Found: northeast South America
The Capuchinbird has brown upperparts; orange-brown underparts; heavy bill;  bare dull-bulue vulture-like head.
Image by: 1) Dave Curtis  2) Greg_Hume



Genus Phibalura - 1 species
It is debatable if this genus belongs to the cotinga family.

Cotinga,_Swallow-tailed  Phibalura flavirostris  Found: South America
The male Swallow-tailed Cotinga has green black and white spanged back; blackish wings, head; forked wings; pale bill; rusty-orange throat. Female is similar but duller.
Image by: 1) Carlos Henrique  2) Claudio Timm  3) Nick Athanas - Brazil  4) Brendan_Ryan



Genus Phoenicircus

Cotinga,_Black-necked_Red-  Phoenicircus nigricollis  Found: mainly Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru; also Venezuela
The Black-necked Red-Cotinga has mainly red underparts; black wings, neck, narrow black band across tip of tail.
Image by: 1) Brayan_Coral_Jaramillo - Columbia


Cotinga,_Guianan_Red-  Phoenicircus carnifex  Found: northeastern South America
The Guianan Red-Cotinaga is found in northeastern South America in the Guianas in Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana; also a small border region of adjacent eastern Venezuela. In Brazil the species is found in the lower Amazon Basin bordering the Guyanas at the Amazon River outlet, and only ranges upstream in the Braziliam states of Pará, and Amapá.
Image by: 1) Patko erika  2) Hector_Bottai - Brazil



Genus Phytotoma
Plancutters have stubby bills with fine serrations along the cutting edge – an adaptation for cutting plant material.  They resemble finches, and are among the few birds that specialize in eating vegitation, though they also take some fruits, berries and flowers.

Plantcutter,_Peruvian  Phytotoma raimondii  Found: northwest Peru
The Peruvian Plantcutter has ash-gray head, neck. Male has a reddish-brown breast; female has gray breast with white streaks.
Image by: 1) Jorge_Montejo  2) Nick Athanas  3) Joseph Smit
1) Female   2) Juvenile male   3) Male


Plantcutter, Rufous-tailed  Phytotoma rara  Found: Chile, Argentina
The male Rufous-tailed Plantcutter has gray-brown upperparts with dark streaks; chestnut colored crown, underparts. Female has buff underparts with brown streaks.
Image by: 1) Rodolfo Walker  2, 4) Dick Daniels - Chile  3) David Montolio
1) Female 2, 3, 4) Male


Plantcutter, White-tipped  Phytotoma rutila  Found: South America
The White-tipped Plantcutter has gray upperparts, head; white-tipped tail. Male has rusty underparts; female has brown underparts with white streaks.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Gustavo Duran  3, 6) Nick Athanas - Argentina  4) Allan Drewitt 5) Hector Bottai




Genus Pipreola
The fruiteaters are restricted to humid montane or foothill forest in western or northern South America. They are thickset birds with predominantly greenish upperparts. Males of most species have black heads and/or reddish, orange or yellow to the throat, chest or belly.

Fruiteater,_Band-tailed Pipreola intermedia  Found: Bolivia, Peru
The male Band-tailed Fruiteater has mid-green upperparts; black head glossed with green; black bib; yellow collar; yellowish underparts mottled or streaked with green; chevroned shaped markings on flanks; tail has green base, black band and whitish tip. Female lacks black bib, head and yellow collar. Female has yellow eye-ring.
Image by: 1) Joao_Quental - Peru  2) Juan José Chalco Luna - Peru
1) Female 2) Mlae


Fruiteater,_Barred  Pipreola arcuata  Found: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela|
The Barred Fruiteater has green upperparts; yellow-and-black barred underparts; red bill; iris can be yellow, red, or white. Male has black hood; femail olive head.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2, 3) Andres Cuervo  4) Nick Athanas - Columbia
3, 4) Male



Fruiteater,_Black-chested  Pipreola lubomirskii  Found: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
The Black-chested Fruiteater has bright green upperparts; yellow eyes; pinkish-orange bill; grayish-green eyes. Male has black head, throat, upper-breast; yellowish-green underparts with mottling on flanks; Female; has underparts streaked with green and yellow..
Image by: 1) Jose Loaiza - Ecuador
1) Male


Fruiteater,_Fiery-throated Pipreola chlorolepidota Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The male Fiery-throated Fruiteater has bright green head and upperparts except white tips of wing feathers; bright orangish-red throat, upper-breast; green lower-breast; green belly with mid-belly tinged with yellow. Female has green upperparts; green and yellow barred belly.
Image by: 1, 2) Nick Athanas - Peru
1) Female 2) Male


Fruiteater,_Golden-breasted  Pipreola aureopectus  Found: Columbia, Venezuela
The male Golden-breasted Fruiteater has dark green upperparts; bright yellow throat, upper-breast; lemon-yellow belly with green streaked flanks. Female has bright green upperparts; yellow underparts with green streaks. They have orange bill; grayish-green legs.
Image by: 1) Fernando Flores - Venezuela  2) Alejandro Tamayo  3) Nick Athanas - Venezuela


Fruiteater, Green-and-black  Pipreola riefferii  Found: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
The male Green-and-black Fruiteater has olive-green upperparts; black head, throat; yellow underparts with green markings; red bill. Female similar but with green head.
Image by: 1, 2) Jei Pov  3, 4) Francesco Veronesi - Columbia
1, 2) Female 3, 4) Male


Fruiteater, Handsome  Pipreola formosa  Found: Venezuela
The Handsome Fruiteater has green upperparts; black head; oranage (male) or yellow (female) breast.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Barloventomagico


Fruiteater,_Masked  Pipreola pulchra  Found: Peru
The masked Fruiteater has green upperparts; yellow eyes; coral-colored eyes; gray legs. Male has black head, upper-throat; orange lower-throat; mottled green flanks; yellowish belly. Female has green underparts streaked with yellow.
Image by: 1) Devon Pike - Peru  2) Kristian Svensson - Cusco, Peru
1) Female 2) Male


Fruiteater,_Orange-breasted  Pipreola jucunda  Found: Columbia, Ecuador
The Orange-breasted Fruiteater has green upperparts; red bill; yellow eyes. Male has orange throat, yellow belly; black head. Female has green underparts with yellow streaks;  green head.
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi  2) Vince Smith -  Ecuador 3, 6) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  4) World Land Trust - US  5) Dave Curtis - Columbia
1) Female feeding juvenile 2, 3) Female 4. 5. 6) Male



Fruiteater, Red-banded  Pipreola whitelyi  Found: Venezuela, Guyana
The Red-banded Fruiteater has green upperparts. Male has grayish underparts; orange-red breast-band. Female has heavily streaked underparts.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) JA Jacomelli  3) Nick Athanas - Venezuela
1, 2) Pair 3) Male


Fruiteater,_Scarlet-breasted  Pipreola frontalis  Found: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
The Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater has green upperparts. Male has red throat, upper-breast; mostly black head. Female green upperparts; yellow underparts with green scaling or spots.
Image by:1) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  2) MeegsC
1) Female  2) Male



Genus Porphyrolaema - 1 species

Cotinga, Purple-throated  Porphyrolaema porphyrolaema  Found: South America
The male Purple-throated Cotinga has dark purple throat; black upperparts, head, tail; white fringes to feathers on back; white wing-stripe, underparts. Female has dark brown upperparts; buffy-cinnamon underparts with black barring.
Image by: 1) RufousCrownedSparrow 2) Hector_Bottai - Brazil  3) Deville and Sclater  4) John Hoyt - Brazil
2) Female 3, 4) Male



Genus Procnias
Bellbirds are restricted to tropical or subtropical humid forested regions, often in low mountains or foothills. As indicated by their common name, they all have very loud voices. Males have at least partially white plumage, and facial wattles or bare facial skin. Females lack the wattles/bare facial skin, and are overall olive with yellowish streaks below.

Bellbird, Bare-throated  Procnias nudicollis  Found: Argentina, Brazil, Paraqguay
The male Bare-throated Bellbird has white plumage; turquoise blue bare throat. Female has olive and yellow plumage with streaked underparts.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Brazil  2) Ben Tavener - Brazil   3) Publicite
1) Female 2, 3) Male


Bellbird, Bearded  Procnias averano  Found: northern South America
Image by: Steve Garvie
1) Male


Bellbird, Three-wattled  Procnias tricarunculatus  Found: Nicaragua to Panama
The male Three-wattled Bellbird has mainly chestnut-brown plumage; white head, neck, upper-breast; three worm-like wattles that originate at the base of the bill. Female has mainly olive plumage; streaked underparts.
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf  2) David Arias - Costa Rica  3) James St. John - specimen  4) David_Rodríguez_Arias - Costa Rica
1) Left: male;  Right: female  2) Juvenile  3, 4) Male


Bellbird, White  Procnias albus  Found: South America
The male White Bellbird has white plumage; a single black wattle. Female has mainly olive plumage; streaked underparts.
Image by: 1, 2) Barloventomagico - Bolivia



Genus Pyroderus - 1 species

Fruitcrow, Red-ruffed  Pyroderus scutatus  Found: South America
The Red-ruffed Fruitcrow has brownish-black upperparts, head, under-tail; red throat, upper-breast; patchy red belly; pale grayish bill. It resembles a crow.Female has black belly.
Similar to: Purple-throated Fruitcrow. Purple-throated Fruitcrow has black underparts; Red-ruffed Fruit-crow has patchy red belly.
Image by: 1) Nick_Athanas - Brazil  1, 2) Francesco Veronesi  3) Alejandro Bayer
1) Female



Genus Querula - 1 species

Fruitcrow,_Purple-throated   Querula purpurata  Found: Costa Rica to South America
The Purple-throated Fruitcrow has mainly black plumage; pale grayish bill. It resembles a crow. Male has purple-red throat patch; female has all black plumage.
Similar to: Red-fuffed Fruitcrow. Purple-throated Fruitcrow has black underparts; Red-ruffed Fruit-crow has patchy red belly.
Image by:  1) Andres_Cuervo  2) Nick_Athanas - Ecuador  3) Christoph_Lorse - Zoo  4) Dick Daniels - National Aviary  5) Sandy Cole - National Aviary  3) Billtacular
1, 2) Female  3, 4, 5) Male




Genus Rupicola

Cock-of-the-rock, Andean  Rupicola peruvianuFound: Andean cloud forest of South America
The male Andean Cock-of-the-rock has bright orange or scarlet head, mantle, breast; half moon crest; black wings. Female has dull brown plumage; smaller crest.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo   2, 7, 8) Dick - Woodland Park Zoo, Seattle  3) Nick Athanas  - Ecuador  4) Nathan_Rupert  5) Jerry Thompson - San Diego Zoo   6) Claudio Timm 
1, 2, 3) Female 4 - 7) Male



Cock-of-the-rock, Guianan  Rupicola rupicola  Found: northeast South America
The male Guianan Cock-of-the-rock has mainly bright orange plumage; half moon crest tipped with black. Female has dull brown plumage; smaller crest.
Image by: 1) Kester Clarke  2) Dave Curtis 3) Almir de Almeida  Nick Athanas  - Guyana 
1) Female 2, 3, 4) Male



Genus Snowornis

Piha, Gray-tailed  Snowornis subalaris  Found: east slopes of Andes in Coumbia, Ecuador, Peru
The Gray-tailed Piha has gray tail, bell; white eye-ring.
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Nick Athanas - Ecuador  3) Dubi_Shapiro


Piha, Olivaceous   Snowornis cryptolophus  Found: Andes of Columbia, Ecuador, and Peru
The Oliveaceous Piha generally replaces the Gray-tailed Piha at higher elevations. It has olive-green upperparts, head; mainly olive underparts; yellow under-wing coverts; whitish eye-ring
Image by: 1) Vince Smith - Ecuador  2) Jose Loaiza - Ecuador  3) Francesco_Veronesi - Columbia  4) Nick Athanas - Columbia 



Genus Tijuca

Cotinga, Black-and-gold  Tijuca atra  Found: southeastern Brazil
The male Black-and-gold Cotinga has mainly black plumage; gold patch on wing. Female has mainly olive plumage. Both have orange bill.
Image by: 1) Joao Quental  2) Nick_Athanas  3) Cal_Martins


Cotinga, Gray-winged  Tijuca condita  Found: Brazil
Image by: 1) Patko Erica  2) Nick_Athanas  3) Bruno_Renno



Genus Xipholena

Cotinga,_Pompadour  Xipholena punicea  Found: South America
The male Pompadour Cotinga has mainly burgandy plumage; bright white wings. Females have charcoal gray upperparts; blackish wings; white belly.
Image by: 1) Tom Woodward - Miami Metrozoo, Florida  2, 3) Nick Athanas - Brazil 4) Nortondefeis
1) Juvenile male 2, 3, 4) Male


Cotinga,_White-tailed  Xipholena lamellipennis  Found: Brazil
The male White-tailed Cotinga has mainly black plumage with with wings and tail. Female has mottled gray and white plumage.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas


Cotinga,_White-winged  Xipholena atropurpurea  Found: eastern Brazil
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Nick Athanas  3) Ciro Albano
2) Female 3) Male




Genus Zaratornis- 1 species

Cotinga, White-cheeked
  Zaratornis stresemanni  Found: western Andes of Peru
The White-cheeked Cotinga has light brown with pale streaks back, belly; white cheeks; blackish crown; unstreaked gray throat, upper-breast.
Image by: 1) Carlos Calle  2) Juan Luna






Order Passeriformes    Family Oxyruncidae

The Sharpbill is the sole member of family Oxyruncidae. Some recent genetic evidence suggests it belongs in the family Tityridae.


Genus Oxyruncus - 1 species

Sharpbill  Oxyruncus cristatus  Found: Costa Rica, Panama, South America
The Sharpbill has scaling on the head, neck; black spotted yellowish underparts; orange erectile crest. Some think the sparpbills should be placed in their own family.
Image by: 1) Joseph_Smit  2) Rick_Ellis_Simpson  3) Nick Athanas - Brazil  4) Claudio Timm





Order Passeriformes    Family Tityridae

Tityridae is family of suboscine passerine birds found in forest and woodland in the Neotropics. The approximately 30 species in this family were formerly spread over the families Tyrannidae, Pipridae and Cotingidae (see Taxonomy). As yet, no widely accepted common name exists for the family.


Genus Pachyramphus

Becard, Chestnut-crowned  Pachyramphus castaneus  Found: South America
Image by: Dario Sanches


Becard, Green-backed  Pachyramphus viridis  Found: South America
Image by: Claudio Timm


Becard, Rose-throated  Pachyramphus aglaiae  Found: southwest United States through Central America
Image by: 1) Carol Foil - Belize  2, 4) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica  3) Jorge Montejo - Mexico
1, 2) Female  3, 4) Male


Becard, White-winged  Pachyramphus polychopterus  Found: South America
Image by: Dominic Sherony



Genus Tityra

Tityra, Masked  Tityra semifasciata  Found: Central and South America
Image by: 1, 2) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica



Genus Xipholena

Cotinga, Pompadour  Xipholena punicea  Found: South America
The male Pompadour Cotinga has mainly burgandy plumage; bright white wings. Females have charcoal gray upperparts; blackish wings; white belly.
Image by: 1) Tom Woodward - Miami Metrozoo, Florida


Cotinga, White-winged  Xipholena atropurpurea  Found: eastern Brazil
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Ciro Albano



Genus Zaratornis- 1 species

Cotinga, White-cheeked
  Zaratornis stresemanni  Found: western Andes of Peru
The White-cheeked Cotinga has light brown with pale streaks back, belly; white cheeks; blackish crown; unstreaked gray throat, upper-breast.
Image by: 1) Carlos Calle  2) Juan Luna




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