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Buttonquails

Order Charadriiformes   Family Turnicidae

Buttonquails resemble the quails of family Phasianidae, but are unrelaed. They are small, drab, running birds, which avoid flying. The female is the more brightly coloured of the sexes, and initiates courtship. Unusually, the buttonquails are polyandrous, with the females circulating among several males and expelling rival females from her territory. Both sexes cooperate in building a nest in the earth, but only the male incubates the eggs and tends the young.


Range of buttonquails by caroldermoid


Genus Turnix

Buttonquail, Barred  Turnix suscitator  Found: tropical Asia, Indonesia, Philippines
The Barred Buttonquail has many subspecies. A typical Buttonquail has rufous-brown upperparts; rusty and buff underparts; chin, throat, breast barred with black; blue-gray bill; yellowish-white eyes. Female is large, more richly colored; has black throat, bib,
Image by: 1) Gururaja  2) L Shyamal - India  3) Hiyashi Haka  4) Werner Witte - Sri Lankar
1, 2, 3) Female  4) Male
2) race taigoor  3) race rostata 4) race leggei


Buttonquail, Black-breasted  Turnix melanogaster  Found: eastern Austrailia
The Black-breasted Buttonuail has marbled plumaged - combination of black, brown, rufous, and white. Female is larger than male and has blacker face.
Image by: 1, 2) Aviceda - Queensland 
1) Female  2) Male


Buttonquail,_Buff-breasted   Turnix olivii  Found: Cape York Peninsular of Australia
The Buff-breasted Buttonquail has chestnut back; gray head with chestnut sides; buff breast.
Similar to: Chestnut-backed Buttonquail. Range of Buff-breasted Buttonquail and Chestnut-backed Buttonquail do not overlap.
Image by: 1) Salvatore_Chamu


Buttonquail,_Chestnut-backed   Turnix castanotus  Found: northern Australia
Similar to: Buff-breasted Buttonquail. Range of Buff-breasted Buttonquail and Chestnut-backed Buttonquail do not overlap.
Image by: 1) Nrg800~commonswiki  2) Biodiversity_Heritage_Library
2) Left, Center, Right: Chestnut-backed, Painted, and Black-breast are all Australian buttonquails


Buttonquail,_Little   Turnix velox  Found: Australia
The female Little Buttonquail has straw-brown upperparts with with white streaks; pale unmarked underparts. Male similar but upperparts less clearly marked. One of Australia's most common buttonquails.
Image by: 1) Nrg800  2) Ben_Parkhurst


Buttonquail,_Luzon   Turnix worcesteri  Found: Luzon island of Philippines
Image by: 1) Arnel_Telesforo - Luzon


Buttonquail, Madagascar   Turnix nigricollis   Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo  2, 3, 4, 5) Dick Daniels - Isola Park, Madagascarf



Buttonquail, Painted  Turnix varius  Found: Australasia
The female Painted Buttonuail has red speckled with white crown, face, breast; red eyes; chestnut shoulders. Male is slightly smaller and duller.
Image by: 1) Patrick_K59  2, 3) Aviceda - Queensland
1, 2) Female  3) probably male


Buttonquail,_Red-chested   Turnix pyrrhothorax  Found: Australia
The Red-chested Buttonquail has gray upperparts with rufous wash; blue-gray bill; pink legs.
Image by: 1) Nrg800  2) John_Gerrard_Keulemans


Quail-plover   Ortyxelos meiffrenii  Found: Afica
The Quail-Plover has sandy-rufous upperparts; whitish underparts.
Image by: 1) Nigel_Voaden - Cameroon







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