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CARDINALIDAE

The Cardinalidae are a family of passerine birds found in North and South America. The family is comprised of buntings, cardinals, and grosbeaks. However, each of these categories of birds have similary named birds in other families. The birds of this family are robust, seed-eating birds with strong bills. The family ranges in size from 12-25 cm. They are typically associated with open woodland. The sexes are dimorphic - they usuaully have distinctive appearances.


Cardinals and Allies

Order Passeriformes    Family Cardinalidae


Other Cardinal-like birds belong to Family Thraupidae.


Genus Cardinalis

Cardinal, Northern Cardinalis cardinalis   Found: North America, Central America
Similar to: Vermilion Cardinal. Their ranges do not overlap.
Similar to: Phainopepla. Phainopepla does not closely resemble Cedar Waxwing except for its general shape.
Similar to: Pyrrhuloxia. Northern Cardinal has a pointed, orange to red bill, Pyrrhuloxia has rounded gray to yellow bill. Male Northern Cardinal has black mask, male Pyrrhuloxia has a red mask.
Image by: 1) Ehpien - Maryland   2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9)   Dick Daniels - North Carolina   10) Dick - Kawaii, Hawaii   11) Gary Mercier - Quebec city
1) Juvenile (black bill vs orange of adult)  2 - 6)) Female   6 - 11) Male


Cardinal,_Vermilion  Cardinalis phoeniceus  Found: Columbia, Venezuela
The Vermilion Cardinal's natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry shrubland.
Similar to: Northern Cardinal. Their ranges do not overlap.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Columbia  2) Mathdesm - Venezuela   3) Fir Z - Venezuela


Pyrrhuloxia Cardinalis sinuatus   Found: soutwest USA, Mexico
The Pyrrhuloxia habitat is desert scrub, mesquite thickets, woodland edges.
Similar to: Northern Cardinal. Northern Cardinal has a pointed, orange to red bill, Pyrrhuloxia has rounded gray to yellow bill. Male Northern Cardinal has black mask, male Pyrrhuloxia has a red mask.
Image by: 1) Motorrad67  2) Jay Scratch   3, 4) Jerry Oldenettel - New Mexico   5) Dick Daniels - Tuscon, Arizona  6) Alan D Wilson - Apache Junction, Arizona  7) Charley Westerinen - Agulia, Arizona  8) Evan Bornholtz - Arizona
1, 2, 3) Female   4) Nonbreding male  5 - 8) Breeding male



Genus Chlorothraupis

Tanager,_Lemon_Spectaled   Chlorothraupis olivacea  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Panama
The Lemon Spectaled Tanager has dark olive-green plumage; yellow eye-rin; heavy dark bill.;
Image by: 1, 2) Nick Athanas - Columbia


Tanager,_Ochre-breasted  Chlorothraupis stolzmanni  Found: Columbia, Ecuador
The Ochre-breasted Tanager has mainly dull green-brown plumage; heavy black bill; pale gray iris; yellowish tinge to underparts.
Image by: 1) Michael Woodruff - Ecuador  2) Julian Zuleta - Columbia 3) Nick Athanas - Ecuador


Tanager,_Olive  also  Carmiol's Tanager Chlorothraupis carmioli  Found: Central America and northern South America
The Olive Tanager has olive upperparts; yellow-green underparts; yellowish throat contrasting with greener head.
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas - Panama  2) Olive Tanager - Costa Rica  3) David Rodriguez - Costa Rica



Genus Habia
Ant-tanagers are long-tailed and strong billed birds. Males have a red crest and plumage containing red, brown or sooty hues. Females may resemble the males or be largely yellowish or brown in color. Theeat ants and other insects plus occasionally fruit. The female alone builds a cup nest and incubates the two or three eggs. The young leave the nest before they can fly and hide in dense vegetation. Ant-tanagers have harsh call notes but musical whistled songs.

Tanager,_Black-cheeked_Ant-  Habia atrimaxillaris  Found: Costa Rica
The Black-cheeked Ant-Tanger has muted dark brown plumage; lighter underparts; salmon colored throat. Male and female similar with males having brighter salmon-orange crest.
Image by: 1. 2) David Rodriguez  3) Nick Athanas


Tanager, Crested Ant-  Habia cristata  Found: Columbia
The Crested Ant-tanager has a red head, neck, upper-breast; grayish flanks and belly.
Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Columbia    2) Ron Knight - Columbia


Tanager,_Red-crowned Ant-   Habia rubica  Found: Mexico south to Paraguay and northern Argentina, and on Trinidad.
The male Red-crowned Ant-Tanager has dull reddish-brown upperparts; brighter red throat, breast; scarlet crown stripe.  Female has mainly yellowish-brown plumage; yellow throat; yellow-buff crown stripe.
Image by: 1) Dani e Iron   2) Claudio Timm  3, 4) Nick Athanas - Panama  5) Hector Bottai - Brazil
1, 2, 3) Female 4, 5) Male



Tanager, Red-throated Ant-  Habia fuscicauda  Found: Mexico, Central America
The male Red-throated Ant-Tanager has dull dusky-red upperparts; paler underparts; bright red throat, central crown. Female has brownish-olive upperparts; paler and grayer underpartsyellow throat; small dull yellow crown stripe.
Image by: 1, 5) Cathy and Sam - Costa Rica  2) Nick Athanas - Panama  3) Jerry Oldenettel - Belize  4) John Norton - Belize 
1) Female   2, 3, 4) Male



Tanager, Sooty Ant-  Habia gutturalis  Found: Columbia
The male Sooty Ant-Tanager has mainly dusky gray plumage; scarlet-red crest; reddish-pink center of throat; black sides of throat and crest. Female similar to male but less dusky; white throat with some pinkish red.
Image by: 1) Robert Lewis  2) Nick Athanas
1, 2) Male



Genus Piranga

Tanager, Flame-colored  Piranga bidentata  Found: Arizona to Panama
Similar to: Western Tanager. The ear marks of the Flame-colored Tanager  differentiate it from the Western Tanager
Image by: 1, 2) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Ricz   3) Dick Daniels - Boquette, Panama  4) Francesco Veronesi - Panama  5) Muchaxo - Costa Rica



Tanager, Hepatic  Piranga flava Found: Southwestern USA to northern Argentina
Similar to: Summer Tanager. Female Summer Tanager has a longer, lighter colored bill than the female Hepatic Tanager. Male Summer Tanager is brighter red than male Hepatic Tanager.
Image by:  1, 4) Cláudio Timm - Cabo Polonio, Uruguay  2) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica   3) Dominic Sherony 5) Blake Matheson - Arizona
1, 2, 3) Female  4, 5) Male



Tanager,_Red-headed  Piranga erythrocephala erythrocephala  Found: Mexico
The male Red-headed Tanager has olive upperparts; yellow underparts; red head, throat. Female similar but lacks red on head and has paler belly.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Dominic Sherony  3) Nick Athanas


Tanager,_Red-hooded  Piranga rubriceps  Found; Columbai, Ecuador, Peru
Image by: 1) Nick Athanas


Tanager, Rose-throated  Piranga roseogularis  Found: Belize, Guatemala, and Mexico
The male Rose-throated Tanager has gray upperparts; paler gray underparts; rusty-red crown; rosy-pink throat; white eye-ring. Female has similar patterns with the red of males replaced by yellow-olive; pink replace by pale yellow-wash.
Image by: 1) Robert Ridgway 2) Jorge Montejo - Mexico


Tanager, Scarlet   Piranga olivacea   Found: eastern North America to northwest South America
Similar to: Summer Tanger. The male Scarlet Tanager has darker wings than the male Summer Tanager. The female Summer Tanager has a bigger bill than the female Scarlet Tanager.
Image by:  1) Kelly Colgan Azar  2) Jamie Chavez - California3, 4, 5) Jerry Oldenettel   6) Len Blumin - Florida   7) Dick Daniels - Panama
1) Juvenile or female  3) Nonbreeding male  4 - 7) Breeding male



Tanager, Summer   Piranga rubra   Found: southern USA to northern South America
Similar to: Hepatic Tanager. Female Summer Tanager has a longer, lighter colored bill than the female Hepatic Tanager. Male Summer Tanager is brighter red than male Hepatic Tanager.
Similar to: Scarlet Tanger. The male Scarlet Tanager has darker wings than the male Summer Tanager. The female Summer Tanager has a bigger bill than the female Scarlet Tanager.
Image by: 1) Paula McVann - Missouri  2) Pamela Wilson   3) Julian Londono - Manizales, Caldas, Colombia  4) Dominic Sherony  5) New Jersey Birds  6) Dick Daniels- Ecuador
1, 2) Female  3, 4, 5, 6) Male


Tanager, Western Piranga ludoviciana   Found: North America, Central America
Similar to: Flame-colored Tanager. The ear marks of the Flame-colored Tanager  differentiate it from the Western Tanager
Image by:  2, 3) Alan D Wilson - Near Fort Rock, Oregon   1, 4) Elaine R Wilson - Oregon  5) Charlie Westerinen - California
1, 2) Female 3, 4, 5) Male


Tanager, White-winged  Piranga leucoptera  Found: Mexico, Central America, South America
The White-winged Tanager has mainly red plumage; black wings with 2 white wing-bars.
Image by: 1) Michael Woodruff - Ecuador  2) Fernando Flores - Venezuela  3) Amy McAndrews - Mexico
1) Female 2) Male





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