BULBULS

Order Passeriformes   Family Pycnonotidae

Bulbuls are a family of medium-sized passerine songbirds. Many forest species are known as greenbuls. The family is distributed across most of Africa and into the Middle East, tropical Asia to Indonesia, and north as far as Japan.

Bulbuls are short-necked and slender. The tails are long and the wings short and rounded. In almost all species the bill is slightly elongated and slightly hooked at the end. They vary in length from 13 cm to 29 cm. Overall the sexes are alike, although the females tend to be slightly smaller. The soft plumage of some species is colourful with yellow, red or orange vents, cheeks, throat or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive brown to black plumage. Species with dull coloured eyes often sport contrasting eyerings. Some have very distinct crests. Bulbuls are highly vocal, with the calls of most species being described as nasal or gravelly. Bulbuls eat a wide range of different foods, ranging from fruit to seeds, nectar, small insects and other arthropods and even small vertebrates. The bulbuls are generally monogamous.


Genus Alophoixus

Bulbul, Finsch's  Alophoixus finschii  Found: Asia
Image by John Gerrard Keulemans - the Catalogue of the birds in the British Museum
Left: Dinsch's Bulbul   Right: Sulpher-Bellied Bulbul


Bulbul, Grey-cheeked  Alophoixus bres  Found: Asia
Image by John Gerrard Keulemans - the Catalogue of the birds in the British Museum


Bulbul, Puff-throated  Alophoixus pallidus  Found: Asia
Image by: Lip Kee Yap- Khao Yai, Thailand


Bulbul, White-throated  Alophoixus flaveolus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2) Zamiruddin Faisal


Bulbul, Yellow-bellied  Alophoixus phaeocephalus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2) Lip Kee Yap- the Panti Forest, Johor, Malaysia



Genus Andropadus

Greenbul, Sombre  also Sombre Bulbul  Andropadus importunus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) ScaryMonkeyShow - Port Elizabeth, South Africa  2, 3) Dick Daniels - Cape Town, South Africa


Greenbul, Striped-cheek  Andropadus milanjensis  Found: Africa
Image by Tom Callens - the Taita Hills, SE Kenya



Genus Bleda

Bristlebill, Red-billed  also  Common Bristlebill  Bleda syndactylus  Found: Africa
The Red-billed Bristlebill has brown-olive upperparts; rufous tail; yellow underparts; grayish-blue orbital skin. Male has red eyes; female brown eyes.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Hans Olofsson - Uganda  3) Roger Peet.


Genus Chlorocichla

Greenbul, Yellow-bellied  Chlorocichla flaviventris  Found: Africa
Image/Image by:  1, 2) Charlie Westerinen - Chobe Park in Botswana  3) Adam Annfield   4) John Gerrard Keulemans



Genus Criniger

Bulbul, Red-tailed  Criniger calurus  Found: Africa
Image by John Gerrard Keulemans - the Catalogue of the birds in the British Museum



Genus Hemixos

Bulbul, Ashy  Hemixos flavala  Found: Asia
Image by Lip Kee Yap - Changi Village, Singapore


Bulbul, Chestnut  Hemixos castanonotus  Found: Asia
Image by:  1,  2) Charles Lam



Genus Hypsipetes

Bulbul, Black   Hypsipetes leucocephalus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Nigel van Houten - Prague Zoo  2) Dick Daniels - Zoo Miami  3) J M Garg - India
1) Hypsipetes leucocephalus leucocephalus  2) Hypsipetes leucocephalus nigerrimus 3) Hypsipetes leucocephalus psaroides


Bulbul, Madagascar  Hypsipetes madagascariensis  Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1) Werner Witte  2) Bernard Dupont   3, 4, 5) Dick Daniels





Genus Iole

Bulbul, Buff-vented  Iole olivacea Found: Asia
Image by Lip Kee Yap - Panti Forest, Johor, Malaysia


Bulbul, Grey-eyed  Iole propinqua  Found: Asia
Image by JJ Harrison - Thailand



Bulbul, Yellow-browed Iole indica Found: Sri Lanka, India
Image by Thimindu Goonatillake



Genus Ixos

Bulbul, Mountain  Ixos mcclellandii   Found: Asia 
Image by: 1) JJ Harrison - Kaeng Krachan, Phetchaburi, Thailand  2) Johnny Wee  - Fraser Hill, Malaysia


Bulbul, Sulphur-bellied
  Ixos palawanensis  endemic to Philippines
Image by John Gerrard Keulemans - the Catalogue of the birds in the British Museum
Left: Dinsch's Bulbul   Right: Sulpher-Bellied Bulbul



Genus Nicator

Nicator, Eastern  Nicator gularis  Found: Africa
Image by Alan Manson


Nicator, Western  Nicator chloris  Found: Africa
Image by Tom Tarrant



Genus Phyllastrephus

Brownbul, Northern  Phyllastrephus strepitans  Found: Africa
1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Peter Steward - Kenya


Brownbul, Terrestrial  Phyllastrephus terrestris   Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Alan Manson - South Africa    3) Dick - Birds of Eden, South Africa



Genus Pycnonotus

Bulbul, Black-capped  Pycnonotus melanicterus  Found: Sri Lanka

The Black-capped Bulbul (Pycnonotus m. melanicterus), the Black-crested Bulbul Pycnonotus atriceps), and the Flame-throated Bulbul (Pycnonotus gularis) are sometimes considered members of the same species Pycnonotus melanicterus.
Image by Arno Meintjes   


Bulbul, Black-crested Pycnonotus melanicterus Found: Asia
The Black-capped Bulbul (Pycnonotus m. melanicterus), the Black-crested Bulbul Pycnonotus atriceps), and the Flame-throated Bulbul (Pycnonotus gularis) are sometimes considered members of the same species Pycnonotus melanicterus.
Image by: 1) Darren Bellerby - Edward Youde Aviary, Hong Kong   2 Johnny Wee  3) J M Garg


Bulbul, Black-fronted also African Red-eyed Bulbul Pycnonotus nigricans  Found: Africa 
Image by: 1 Hans Hillewaert - Namib desert, Namibia  2) Cristiano Crolle - Swakopmund, Namibia   3) Frank Vassen - Namibia


Bulbul, Brown-breasted  Pycnonotus xanthorrhous  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Johnny Wee


Bulbul, Cape   Pycnonotus capensis   Found: Africa
Image by: 1, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - De Hoop, South Africa   2) Sandy Cole - Birds of Eden in South Africa    5) Dick - Plettenberg Bay, South Africa 



Bulbul, Common  also Black-eyed Bulbul  Pycnonotus barbatus   Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Arno Meintjes   3, 4) Dick - Tanzania   5, 6, 7) Dick - South Africa   8) Dick - Kenya



Bulbul, Cream-vented  Pycnonotus simplex  Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2) Lip Kee Yap - Panti Forest, Johor, Malaysia  3) John Gerrard Keulemans- the Catalogue of the birds in the British Museum


Bulbul, Flame-throated Pycnonotus gularis  Found: Asia
The Black-capped Bulbul (Pycnonotus m. melanicterus), the Black-crested Bulbul Pycnonotus atriceps), and the Flame-throated Bulbul (Pycnonotus gularis) are sometimes considered members of the same species Pycnonotus melanicterus.
Image by Karunalsor Rayker - Karnatalso, India.


Bulbul, Himalayan  Pycnonotus leucogenys  Found: Asia 
Image by: Lip Kee Yap - the Pokhara Valley, Nepal   2) Dick Daniels - Nepal


Bulbul, Light-vented also Chinese Bulbul   Pycnonotus sinensis Found: east Asia
Image by: 1) Darren Bellerby - Mai Po Nature Reserve, Hong Kong  2, 3, 4)   Charles Lam


Bulbul, Olive-winged  Pycnonotus plumosus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Lip Kee Yap at Panti Forest, Johor, Malaysia  2) Johnny Wee


Bulbul, Orange-spotted  Pycnonotus bimaculatus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Charles Lam


Bulbul, Red-eyed  Pycnonotus brunneus  Found: Asia
Image by:  1) Craig Adam - South Africa  2) Lip Kee Yap - Singapore


Bulbul, Red-vented Pycnonotus cafer   Found: Asia, introduced/traveled to Pacific Islands
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels on Oahu, Hawaii  4, 5, 6) Dick - Nepal  



Bulbul, Red-whiskered Pycnonotus jocosus Found: North America (introduced), Asia, Australia (introduced)
Image by: 1) Davis Kwan   2) myjkccd - Nanning Guangxi China  3)  Arun Prabhu - India    4, 5) Dick Daniels - Oahu, Hawaii  6) Shiva Shankar - Karkala, Karnatalso  



Bulbul, Sooty-head  Pycnonotus aurigaster  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) Doug Janson  2) Charles Lam  3) Darren Bellerby -  Hong Kong Wetland Park, Hong Kong


Bulbul, Straw-headed  Pycnonotus zeylanicus  Found: Asia
Image by Johnny Wee


Bulbul, Streak-eared  Pycnonotus blanfordFound: Asia
Image by: Charlie Westerinen - Bangkok, Thailand


Bulbul, Stripe-throated  Pycnonotus finlaysoni  Found: Asia
Lip Kee Yapon Phuket Island, South Thailand


Bulbul, Taiwan  also Styan's Bulbul  Pycnonotus taivanus  Found: southern Taiwan
Image by: Francesco Veronesi


Bulbul, White-browed  Pycnonotus luteolus Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2, 3) J M Garg - Shamirpet, Rangareddy district, Andhra Pradesh, India.


Bulbul, White-eared   Pycnonotus leucotis   Found: Asia 
Image by: 1) Ash Lin - Rajasthan, India   2) J M Garg in Kolkata, West Bengal, India   3) Darren Bellerby - Thane Creek, Mumbai, India  4) Dick Daniels - Zoo Miami


Bulbul, White-spectacled  Pycnonotus xanthopygos  Found: southwestern Asia
Image by: 1) Alastair Rae  2) Nir Ofir - Jerusalem, Israel  3, 4) - Israel


Bulbul, Yellow-eared  Pycnonotus penicillatus  Endemic to Sri Lanka
Image by: 1) Byflickr


Bulbul, Yellow-throated Pycnonotus xantholaemus Found: India
Image by Clement Francis


Bulbul, Yellow-vented  Pycnonotus goiavier  Found: southeast Asia
Image by: 1) JoelDC  2) Richard W M Jones  3) Johnny Wee



Genus Spizixos

Finchbill, Collared  Spizixos semitorques    Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo   3) Dick - National Aviary  4) Sandy Cole - National Aviary



Family Chloropseidae - 1 genus
Genus Chloropsis

Leafbird, Blue-winged  Chloropsis cochinchinensis  Found: southeast Asia and India
Image by: 1, 3) Lip Kee Yap - Singapore  2) Dick Daniels - the North Carolina Zoo
1, 2) Male  3) Female


Leafbird, Golden-fronted    Chloropsis aurifrons Found: southeast Asia
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo  2) Sumeet Moghe


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Family Irenidae - 1 genus
Genus Irena

Fairy-bluebird, Asian  Irena puella   Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2, 5) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo  3) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo  4, 8) Dick Daniels - National Aviary    6) Sandy - the North Carolina Zoo  7) Curtzsi
1, 2, 3) Female  4, 5, 6) Male





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