BIRDS of THE WORLD - An Online Bird Book


Order Passeriformes    Family Eurylaimidae

Many of the broadbills are brightly coloured birds. They range from 13 to 28 centimetres in length, and live in the dense canopies of wet forests, allowing them to hide despite their brightly coloured plumage. The broadbills are for the most part insectivorous and carnivorous. Prey taken include insects, spiders, centipedes and millipedes, as well as lizards and tree frogs. Prey is obtained by sallying from a perch to snatch it in flight, and gleaning the prey off leaves and branches while flying. Some species may take some fruit.

Some place genus Calyptomena and genus Smithornis in family Calyptomenidae.

Genus Calyptomena

Broadbill, Green
  Calyptomena viridis  Found: Indonesia
Image by: Doug Janson

Broadbill, Hose's   Calyptomena hosii   Found: Borneo
Image by: John Gerrard Keulemansn

Broadbill, Whitehead's  Calyptomena whiteheadi  Found: Borneo
Image by: J G Keulemans

Genus Corydon - 1 species

Broadbill, Dusky   Corydon sumatranus  Found: Asia
Image by: 1) John Gould  2) Micky Lim  3) Lip Kee

Genus Cymbirhynchus - 1 species

Broadbill, Black-and-red  Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos  Found: Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: John Gould.  2) Simon Tonge  3) Mark Benedict - Malaysia

Genus Eurylaimus

Broadbill, Banded  Eurylaimus javanicus  Found: Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: 1) Lip Kee   2) JJ Harrison - Thailand 3) Doug Janson 

Broadbill, Black-and-yellow  Eurylaimus ochromalus  Found: Myanmar, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: Lip Kee Yap  2, 3) Mark Benedict - Borneo

Broadbill, Visayan  Eurylaimus samarensis  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) escapetonature

Broadbill, Wattled  Eurylaimus steerii  Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) John Gould 2) Blake Matheson  3) Francesco Veronesi

Genus Psarisomus - 1 species

Broadbill, Long-tailed  Psarisomus dalhousiae  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: 1) John_Gould from "The birds of Asia"  2) Aaron Logan  3) Coracii  4) Jason Thompson

Genus Pseudocalyptomena - 1 species

Broadbill, Grauer's  Pseudocalyptomena graueri  Found: Africa
The Grauer's Broadbill has mainly green plumage; whitish bib; small bill (unlike other broadbills).
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Avian Safaris

Genus Serilophus  - 1 species

Broadbill, Silver-breasted Serilophus lunatus  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
Image by: 1) John Gould from "The birds of Asia"  2) Yiwenyiwen
2) Female

Genus Smithornis

Broadbill, African   Smithornis capensis  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dave Curtis - Kenya  2) Neil Strickland - South Africa

Broadbill, Gray-headed  Smithornis sharpei Found: Africa
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2, 3) Nigel Voaden - Cameroon

Broadbill, Rufous-sided  Smithornis rufolateralis  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf  2) Marcel Holyoak - Cameroon  3) Kristian Svensson - Uganda


Order Passeriformes    Family Philepittidae

The asities are a family of small suboscine passerine birds. The family consists of four species in two genera endemic to Madagascar. They were thought to have been related to the pittas, hence the scientific name of the family. They are now consider to be more closely related to the broadbills and the Broad-billed Sapayoa of South America.

Genus Neodrepanis

Asity, Sunbird   also  Common Sunbird-Asity  Neodrepanis coruscans  Found: Madagascar
Image by:  1) Ross Tsai  2) Rowe Becky
1) Female  2) Breeding male

Asity, Yellow-bellied  also  Yellow-bellied Sunbird-Asity  Neodrepanis hypoxantha  Found: Madagascar
The male Yellow-bellied Asity has bright yellow underparts; sunbird-shaped bill; black upperparts with iridescent blue sheen; bright blue wattle around the eyes. Female is duller.
Image by: 1) Dubi Shapiro  2) Rowe Becky
2) Pair

Genus Philepitta

Asity, Schlegel's  Philepitta schlegeli  Found: Madagascar
The male Schlegel's Asity has olive upperparts; black head with blue patch around eye and green around that patch; yellow throat, underparts. Female has olive upperparts; mottled yellow and green head; yellow underparts with olive stripes; yellow eye-ring. Both have down-curved bill.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Robert Lewis  3) Ross Tsai 4) Pat and Keith Taylor - Ankarafantsika National Park
2) Female  3, 4) Male

Asity, Velvet  Philepitta castanea  Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Francois Dorothe  David Cook  3) Ross Tsai
1) Left - female; bottom - nonbreeding male; top - breeding male  2) Female  3) Nonbreeding male  4) Breeding male


Order Passeriformes    Family Sapayoa

This family has just one species. Its nearest relatives are unknown, perhaps the broadbills.

Genus Sapayoa

Sapayoa   Sapayoa aenigma   Found: Panama, northwest South America
The Sapayoa has olive colored upperparts; paler underparts; broad bill.;
Image by: 1) Jan_Axel

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