Family Conopophagidae

Gnateaters eat insects. One way they catch insects is to perch in a tree and plung to the ground when an insect is spotted. They then stay on the ground only briefly. They also take insects directly from the tree. Gnateaters are difficult to spot and thus are poorly studied. They are located in Central and South America. Their closest relatives are the antbirds.

Genus Conopophaga
Gnateaters are small birds; have short tails; usually have white ear line.

Gnateater, Ash-throated  Conopophaga peruviana  Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru
The male Ash-throated Gnateater has gray underparts, face; white tuffs behind ears; dark brown wings. Female broadly similar except orange-rufous face, underparts.
Image by: 1) Kristian Svensson  2) Castelnau  3) Biodiversidad  3)

Gnateater, Black-cheeked  Conopophaga melanops  Found: Brazil
The male Black-cheeked Gnateater mainly brown upperparts; bright rufous crown; black mask; white throat; gray underparts. Female has mainly orange-rufous underparts; darker upperparts; brownish face.
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches
1) Female 2) Male

Gnateater, Chestnut-bellied  Conopophaga aurita  Found: South America
The Chestnut-bellied Gnateater has brown upperparts, crown; white supercilium; buff or white belly; pinkish-gray legs. Male (female) has black (rufous) face, throat; rufous breast.
Image by: 1) Phillip Stouffer  2) Claudio Timm
1) Female   2) Male

Gnateater, Chestnut-crowned  Conopophaga castaneiceps  Found: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru
The male Chestnut-crowned Gnateater has very dark underparts; rufous forehead; long white ear-tufts. Female has brown upperparts; rufous head, throat; shorter white ear-tufts.
Image by: 1, 2) Chrystopher Canaday - Ecuador  3) Jose Loaiza - Ecuador 
1, 2) Female  3) Male

Gnateater, Hooded  Conopophaga roberti  Found: Brazil
The male Hooded Gnateater has brown upperparts; black head, neck, bib; white ear tuff; gray flanks; white belly. Females have rufous crown; paler rufous ear coverts;  gray breast; white throat, belly.
Image by: 1) Antonio Pessoa  2) Claudio Timm

Gnateater, Rufous  Conopophaga lineata   Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches - Brazil
1) Female   2) Male

Gnateater, Slaty  Conopophaga ardesiaca  Found: Joaquin Ugarte
The Slaty Gnateater has brown upperparts; gray throat, breast; white post ear stripe; rufous crown. Female also has rufous fore-crown.
Image by: 1) Joaquin Ugarte

Genus Pittasoma
The two species of Pittasoma are round, short-tailed, and long-legged birds - the largest members of the gnateater family. These terrestrial birds are quite upright when standing. They are insectivorous.

Antpitta, Black-crowned  Pittasoma michleri  Found: Colombia, Costa Rica, and Panama.
Image by: 1) HarmonyOnPlanetEarth  2) Patrick ODonnel

Antpitta, Rufous-crowned  Pittasoma rufopileatum  Found: Colombia, Ecuador.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans


Family Formicariidae

Genus Chamaeza
These birds are found in South America

Antthrush, Barred  Chamaeza mollissimaFound: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf  2) Luis  Salagaje

Antthrush, Rufous-tailed  Chamaeza ruficauda  Found: Argentina, Brazil
The Rufous-tailed Antthrush has brown upperparts becoming more rufous over rump and tail; light underparts with scallop patterns; white throat, supercilium.
Image by: 1, 2) Arthur Grosset

Antthrush, Schwartz's  Chamaeza turdina  Found: Columbia, Venezuela
Image by: 1) Jhonathan Miranda

Antthrush, Short-tailed  Chamaeza campanisona  Found: South America
The Short-tailed Antthrush has brown upperparts; white underparts with dark chevron marking; short white supercilium.
Image by: 1, 2) Claudio Timm

Antthrush, Striated  Chamaeza nobilis  Found: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
The Striated Antthrush has brown upperparts; white supercilium; whitish underparts with bold dark streaks.
Image by : 1) Chrystopher Canaday

Antthrush, Such's  Chamaeza meruloides  Found: Brazil
The Such's Antthrush has olive-brown upperparts; red or buffy brown forecrown; white or buffy white throat; buffy white underparts with sides streaked with black.
Image by: 1) Joao Quental

Genus Formicarius
Compact, short-tailed, forest-floor dwelling bird that characteristically walks like a chicken.

Antthrush, Black-faced  Formicarius analis  Found; Mexico, Central America, South America
The Black-faced Antthrush has rufous-brown upperparts; paler brown underparts; black face, throat; rufous under-tail; white partial eye-ring.
Image by: 1) Leslie Tucci  2) Dave Curtis

Antthrush, Rufous-breasted Formicarius rufipectus  Found: Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Venezuela
The Rufous-breasted Antbird has a rufous underparts.
Image by: 1) Gerard Mornie - Ecuador

Antthrush, Rufous-capped  Formicarius colma  Found: South America
The Rufous-capped Antbird has a rufous cap; black breast.
Image by: 1. 2) Dario Sanches

Genus Scytalopus
Some place the tapaculo in their own family: Rhinocryptidae

Tapaculo, Mouse-coloured  Scytalopus speluncae  Found: South America
Image by: Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil


Family Grallariidae

The antpittas are forest birds that tend to feed on insects at or near the ground since many are specialist ant eaters. Most are drab in appearance with shades of (rusty) brown, black, and white being their dominant tones. Compared to other birds that specialize in following ants, this family is the most tied to the ground. The long, powerful legs (which lend the birds a distinctive upright posture) and an essentially vestigial tail aid this lifestyle.

Genus Grallaria
The Antpittas

Antpitta, Variegated  Grallaria varia  Found: South America
|Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches


Family Thamnophilidae

The Antbirds of family Thamnophilidae occur in tropical and subtropical Central and South America. They feed on ants and other insects. Thare are related to antthrushes and antpittas of family Formicariidae.

Genus Drymophila

Antbird, Dusky-tailed  Drymophila malura  Found: South America
Image by Dario Sanches - eserva Guainumbi, Sao Luis do Paraitinga, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Antbird, Ferruginous  Drymophila ferruginea  Found: Brazil
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches - Serra da Cantareira State Park, São Paulo, Brazil

Genus Formicivora

Antwren, White-fringed  Formicivora grisea  Found: South America
Image by: New Jersy Birds

Genus Gymnopithys

Antbird, Bicolored  Gymnopithys leucaspis  Found: Central America, South America
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - Soberania National Park, Panama

Genus Herpsilochmus

Antwren, Rufous-winged  Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus  Found: South America
Image by: Dario Sanches
1) Male

Genus Hylophylax

Antbird, Spotted  Hylophylax naevioides  Found: southern Central America, northwestern South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Soberania National Park, Panama
1) Female  2) Male

Genus Hypoedaleus - 1 species

Antshrike, Spot-backed  Hypoedaleus guttatus  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches

Genus Myrmotherula

Antwren, Star-throated  Myrmotherula gularis  Found: Brazil
Image by 1, 2) Dario Sanches

Antwren, Unicolored  Myrmotherula unicolor    Found: Brazil
Image by: Dario Sanches - Brazil

Genus Neoctantes - 1 species

Bushbird, Black  Neoctantes niger  Found: South America
Image by: Dick Daniels - Botanical Gardens, Quito, Ecuador
1) ID needs verification

Genus Phaenostictus - 1 species

Antbird, Ocellated  Phaenostictus mcleannani  Found; Central America, South America
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Soberania National Park, Panama

Genus Pyriglena

Fire-eye, White-shouldered  Pyriglena leucoptera  Found: southern South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches - Brazil

Antshrike, Black-crested   Sakesphorus canadensis   Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dominic Sherony

Genus Thamnophilus

Antshrike, Barred Thamnophilus doliatus  Found: South America 
The male Barred Antshrike has barred black-and-white plumage; white based black crest. Female has rufous upperparts; chestnut crest; blacked-streaked side of head and neck; rich buff underparts.
Image by 1, 4) New Jersy Birds     2, 5, 6) Dario Sanches   3, 7) Charlie Westerinen - near the Arenal volcano in Costa Rica.
1, 2, 3) Female  4 - 7) Male

Antshrike, Black  Thamnophilus nigriceps  Found: Panama, Columbia
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Dick Daniels - Soberania National Park, Panama
1) Female  2) Male

Antshrike, Black-hooded   Thamnophilus bridgesi  Found: Costa Rica, Panama
Image by: Jerry Oldenettel - Tarcoles River, Costa Rica

Antshrike, Rufous-capped  Thamnophilus ruficapillus  Found: South America
Image by: Claudio Timm
1) Male

Antstrike, Western Slaty- Thamnophilus atrinucha  Found: Central America, South America
Image by: 1) Brian Ralphs  2) Patty McGann - Panama   3) Francesco Veronesi - Ecuador  4) Dick Daniels - Soberania National Park, Panama

Antshrike, Variable  Thamnophilus caerulescens  Found: South America
Image by:  1, 2) Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  3, 4, 5) Dario Sanches - Brazil
1) Female  2 - 5) Male

Genus Willisornis

Antbird, Scale-backed  Willisornis poecilinotus  Found: Amazon basin of South America
Image by: 1) Jose Loiza - Ecuador  2) Dick Daniels - Ecuador
1) Female  2) Male

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