ANTBIRDS

Family Thamnophilidae


The Antbirds of family Thamnophilidae occur in tropical and subtropical Central and South America. They feed on ants and other insects. Thare are related to antthrushes and antpittas of family Formicariidae.


Genus Drymophila

Antbird, Dusky-tailed  Drymophila malura  Found: South America
Image by Dario Sanches - eserva Guainumbi, Sao Luis do Paraitinga, Sao Paulo, Brazil


Antbird, Ferruginous  Drymophila ferruginea  Found: Brazil
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches - Serra da Cantareira State Park, São Paulo, Brazil



Genus Formicivora

Antwren, White-fringed  Formicivora grisea  Found: South America
Image by: New Jersy Birds



Genus Gymnopithys

Antbird, Bicolored  Gymnopithys leucaspis  Found: Central America, South America
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - Soberania National Park, Panama



Genus Herpsilochmus

Antwren, Rufous-winged  Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus  Found: South America
Image by: Dario Sanches
1) Male



Genus Hylophylax

Antbird, Spotted  Hylophylax naevioides  Found: southern Central America, northwestern South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Soberania National Park, Panama
1) Female  2) Male



Genus Hypoedaleus - 1 species

Antshrike, Spot-backed  Hypoedaleus guttatus  Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches



Genus Myrmotherula

Antwren, Star-throated  Myrmotherula gularis  Found: Brazil
Image by 1, 2) Dario Sanches


Antwren, Unicolored  Myrmotherula unicolor    Found: Brazil
Image by: Dario Sanches - Brazil



Genus Neoctantes - 1 species

Bushbird, Black  Neoctantes niger  Found: South America
Image by: Dick Daniels - Botanical Gardens, Quito, Ecuador
1) ID needs verification



Genus Phaenostictus - 1 species

Antbird, Ocellated  Phaenostictus mcleannani  Found; Central America, South America
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - Soberania National Park, Panama



Genus Pyriglena

Fire-eye, White-shouldered  Pyriglena leucoptera  Found: southern South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches - Brazil


Antshrike, Black-crested   Sakesphorus canadensis   Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dominic Sherony



Genus Thamnophilus

Antshrike, Barred Thamnophilus doliatus  Found: South America 
The male Barred Antshrike has barred black-and-white plumage; white based black crest. Female has rufous upperparts; chestnut crest; blacked-streaked side of head and neck; rich buff underparts.
Image by 1, 4) New Jersy Birds     2, 5, 6) Dario Sanches   3, 7) Charlie Westerinen - near the Arenal volcano in Costa Rica.
1, 2, 3) Female  4 - 7) Male



Antshrike, Black  Thamnophilus nigriceps  Found: Panama, Columbia
Image by: 1) Joseph Smit  2) Dick Daniels - Soberania National Park, Panama
1) Female  2) Male


Antshrike, Black-hooded   Thamnophilus bridgesi  Found: Costa Rica, Panama
Image by: Jerry Oldenettel - Tarcoles River, Costa Rica


Antshrike, Rufous-capped  Thamnophilus ruficapillus  Found: South America
Image by: Claudio Timm
1) Male


Antstrike, Western Slaty- Thamnophilus atrinucha  Found: Central America, South America
Image by: 1) Brian Ralphs  2) Patty McGann - Panama   3) Francesco Veronesi - Ecuador  4) Dick Daniels - Soberania National Park, Panama


Antshrike, Variable  Thamnophilus caerulescens  Found: South America
Image by:  1, 2) Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  3, 4, 5) Dario Sanches - Brazil
1) Female  2 - 5) Male




Genus Willisornis

Antbird, Scale-backed  Willisornis poecilinotus  Found: Amazon basin of South America
Image by: 1) Jose Loiza - Ecuador  2) Dick Daniels - Ecuador
1) Female  2) Male





GROUND ANTBIRDS

Family Formicariidae

This family consists of the Antthrushes, Tapaculos, and Antpittas. They are collectively known as the Ground Antbirds and occur in tropical and subtropical Central and South America. This family of ant eating birds is usually found close to the ground which has resulted in their tails being very short. The antbirds are closely related to the gnateaters.


Genus Grallaria
The Antpittas

Antpitta, Variegated  Grallaria varia  Found: South America
|Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches



Genus Scytalopus


Tapaculo, Mouse-coloured  Scytalopus speluncae  Found: South America
Image by: Cláudio Timm - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil





GNATEATERS

Family Conopophagidae

Gnateaters eat insects. One way they catch insects is to perch in a tree and plung to the ground when an insect is spotted. They then stay on the ground only briefly. They also take insects difrectly from the tree. Gnateaters are difficult to spot and thus are poorly studied. They are located in Central and South America. Their closest relatives are the antbirds.


Genus Conopophaga

Gnateater, Rufous  Conopophaga lineata   Found: South America
Image by: 1, 2) Dario Sanches - Brazil







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