ACCENTORs

Order Passeriformes   Family Prunellidae - 1 genus

The accentors are all in a single genus Prunella. All but the Dunnock and the Japanese Accentor are inhabitants of the mountainous regions of Europe and Asia; these two also occur in lowland areas. This genus is not strongly migratory, but they will leave the coldest parts of their range in winter, and make altitudinal movements. These are small, fairly drab species superficially similar, but unrelated to, sparrows; they are generally regarded as being related to the thrushes or the warblers. They are 14 to 18 centimetres in length, and weigh between 25 and 35 grams. Accentors have thin sharp bills, reflecting their diet of ground-dwelling insects in summer, augmented with seeds and berries in winter. They may also swallow grit and sand to help their stomach break up these seeds.

Accentors spend the majority of their time in the undergrowth and even when flushed, stay low to the ground until reaching cover. Accentors may have two to three broods a year. Courtship consists of a great deal of song from the males, which may include short lark-like song flights to attract a mate. In most species, the male and female share in the nest making. They build neat cup nests and lay about 4 unspotted green or blue eggs.


Genus Prunella  Found: mainly Asia, also Europe

Accentor, Alpine Prunella collaris  Found: Europe, Asia
The Alpine Accentor has streaked brown upperparts; gray head; red-brown spotting on underparts.
Image by:   1) Florian Schott  2) S. Walkowski


Accentor,_Black-throated   Prunella atrogularis  Found: Asia
The Black-throated Accentor has black-streaked brown back; black throat, crown, face patch; white supercilium; orange-tinged breast; white belly with orange stripes.
Image by: 1)  Francesco_Veronesi - Kazakhstan  2) Sergey_Yeliseev


Accentor,_Brown   Prunella fulvescens  Found: Asia
Image by: 1)  Biodiversity_Heritage_Library  2) As_Kannan - India  3) Sergey_Yeliseev - Kazakhstan
1) Brown Accentor on right; Black-throated on left


Accentor,_Himalayan also Altai Accentor  Prunella himalayana  Found: Asia
Image by: 1)  Francesco_Veronesi - Kazakastan  2) Sergey_Yeliseev - Russia


Accentor,_Japanese   Prunella rubida  Found: Japan, Russia
Image by: 1, 2) Alpsdake


Accentor,_Maroon-backed   Prunella immaculata  Found: Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal
Image by: 1) Dibyendu_Ash - India


Accentor,_Mongolian  also  Kozlov's Accentor   Prunella koslowi  Found: China, Mongolia
Image by: 1)  Baatargal_Otgonbayar  2) Sundev_Gombobaatar


Accentor,_Radde's   Prunella ocularis  Found: Asia
Image by: 1)  Werner_Witte - Turkey  2) Vince_Smith - Turkey
1) Female 2) Male


Accentor,_Robin   Prunella rubeculoides  Found: Asia
The Robin Accentor upperparts are mainly brown streaked with black; gray head, neck; reddish-orange upper-breast; pale buff belly.
Image by: 1)  As_Kannan - India


Accentor,_Rufous-breasted   Prunella strophiata  Found: Asia
Image by: 1)  Dibyendu_Ash - India  2) JM_Garg - India  3) Balaji Venkatesh Sivaramakrishnan


Accentor, Siberian  Prunella montanella  Found: Asia
The Siberian Accentor has streaked reddish-brown upperparts; dark crown, cheeks; buff supercilium; yellowish rusty-buff underparts.
Image by: 1) Naumann  2) Jargal_Lamjav - Mongolia  3) characters - China


Accentor,_Yemen   Prunella fagani  Found:
Image by: 1)  Henrik_Gronvold  2) Mike


Dunnock also Hedge Accentor  Prunella modularis Found: Europe, Asia
The Dunnock has streak sparrow-like back; gray head; brownish underparts.
Image by:   1) Cristiano Crolle - Cesano Maderno. Italy  2) Smalljim  3) Dick Daniels - Great Britain




DIPPERS

Order Passeriformes   Family Cinclidae - 1 genus


The dippers are all in a single genus Cinclus. They are named for the dipping or bobbing motion. They are the only passerines that regularly swim underwater. They like to swim in moving water, particularly in streams. As with other birds that spend large amounts of time underwater, they have more red blood cells to aid in oxygen storage.


Genus Cinclus

Dipper, American Cinclus mexicanus Found: western North America to Panama
Image by  1) Alan D. Wilson - British Columbia  2) Dominic Sherony 3) Eugene Beckes  4) Grant and Caroline - Colorado


Dipper, Brown  also Asian Dipper  Cinclus pallasii  Found: mountains of southern and central Asia
Photrographed by: 1) M. Nishimura  2) Robert tdc


Dipper, Rufous-throated  Cinclus schulzi  Found: Argentina, Bolivia
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Hernan Povedano - Argentina


Dipper, White-capped  Cinclus leucocephalus  Found: South America
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - Machu Piccu, Peru  2) Jerry Oldenettel - Quito, Ecuador  3) Francesco Veronesi - Columbia
1) leucocephalus  2) leuconous


Dipper, White-throated also European Dipper Cinclus cinclus  Found: Europe, Asia
Image by:  1) Martha Lantink  2) Andrew2606 - Cumbria, UK  3) Dick Daniels - Scotland




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