CORVIDAE of Australia

The Corvidae family contains the crows, ravens, rooks, jackdaws, jays, magpies, treepies, choughs and nutcrackers. They are considered the most intelligent of the birds. They are medium to large in size, with strong feet and bills, and a single moult each year (most passerines moult twice). Most species have bristle-like feathers covering their nostrils. They are omnivores having a varied diet. Corvids are found worldwide except for the tip of South America and the polar ice caps. [abstracted from Wikipedia]

Crows and Allies

Order Passeriformes    Family Corvidae



Genus Corvus

The genus Corvus consists of large birds that are are either black all over, or mainly black with white or gray patches. They range in size from the relatively small Jackdaws to the very large Common Raven. The 40 or so members of this genus occur on all continents except South America and Antarctica.

Crow, Gray  Corvus tristis  Found: New Guinea
Image by: 1) Steve Nova  2) Jerry Oldenettel - Papua New Guinea


Crow, House   Corvus splendens  Found: Asia, Africa, Australasia
The House Crow has black crown, forehead, throat, wings, tail; gray-brown neck, underparts. 
Similar to: Hooded Crow, Hooded Crow's black hood covers all of the head; House Crow only has black on front part of head.
Similar to: Jackdaw. House Crow has much larger bill with a round end; Jacksaw has short pointed bill.
Image by: 1) Laurens 2) Benjamint444 - Pokhara, Nepal  3) Darren Bellerby - Thane Creek, Mumbai, India  4) Dick Daniels - Nepal


Crow, Little  Corvus bennetti  Found: Australia
The Little Crow has black plumage, bill, legs, feet.
Similar to: Torresian Crow. Little Crow is slightly smaller and has a slightly smaller bill than Torresian Crow.  Torresian Crow's head is darker than body; Little Crow's head and body about the same darkness.
Image by: 1) Steve Nova  2) Keith Edkins  3) Ron_n_Beth_Pixs


Crow, New Caldonian Corvus moneduloides  Found: New Caldonia (islands east of Australia)
The New Caldonian Crown has glossy black plumage; black bill, legs, feet. Makes a qua-qua sound.
Image by: 1) Steve Nova  2) John Gerrard Keulemans  3) Moitas


Crow, Torresian  Corvus orru   Found: Australia, New Guinea
The Torresian Crow has glossy black upperparts; black head, underparts; white iris; white (seen when ruffled by wind) base of head and neck.
Similar to: Little Crow. Little Crow is slightly smaller and has a slightly smaller bill than Torresian Crow. Torresian Crow's head is darker than body; Little Crow's head and body about the same darkness.
Image by: 1) Steve Nova  2) Richard McDonald    3) Lip Kee - Northern Territory   4) Dave Curtis - Brisbane  5) Charlie Westerinen - Nossa Heads, Australia 
2) Bird on left has white visible on its neck.


Crow, White-billed also Guadalcanal Crow  Corvus woodfordi  Found: Solomon Islands (east of Papua New Guinea)
The White-billed Crow has an ivory colored bill with black tip; mainly glossy black plumage; darker head with greenish-purple gloss.
Image by: 1) William Hart



RAVENS
A raven is one of several larger-bodied members of the genus Corvus. Most have black plumage and large beaks but their plumage can differ slightly in some species. Most species have dark brown irises but a few in Australia have white irises.

Raven, Australian Corvus coronoides   Found: Australia
The Australian Raven has glossly black plumage with a blue-purple to blue-green sheen depending on the light; black feet, bill. Thick black plumage on throat resembles a beard. Adult has white eye; juvenile black eye.
Similar to: Little Raven. Australian Raven has bigger bill than the Little Raven.
Image by: 1) Steve Nova  2, 3) Dick Daniels - Australia  


Raven, Forest  Corvus tasmanicus  Found: Australia
The Forest Raven has glossy black plumage; white eye. It is the only Corvus in Tasmania.
Image in Tasmania by:  1) JJ Harrison  2) Ron Knight   3) Charlie Westerinen


Raven, Little   Corvus mellori Found: Australia
The Little Raven has glossy black plumage; black bill, legs; white eyes.
Similar to: Australian Raven. Australian Raven has bigger bill than the Little Raven.
Image by: 1) Steve Nova  2) Charlie Westerinen - Botany Bay 3) Toby Hudson 4) David Jenkins


Rook Corvus frugilegus   Found: Europe, New Zealand (introduced)
The Rook has black plumage which may have blue to purple sheen in the sunlight. It has large, pointed bill with bare gray-white skin around base of bill and near the eyes.
Image by: 1) Adrian Benko  2) Dick Daniels - England   3, 5) Dick - Scotland  4) Dick - Scotland






Australian Mudnesters

Order Passeriformes    Family Struthideidae also Corcoracidae

The Mudnesters contain just two species: the Apostlebird and the White-winged Cough. Both species are very social and spend time in leaf litter searching for food. They build their nests out of mud.


Genus Corcorax - 1 species

Chough, White-winged  Corcorax melanorhamphos  Found: Australia
The White-winged Chough has black plumage; red eyes; thin down-curved bill. In flight, there is obvious white on the wings, thus the name. It resembles in shape the Alpine Chough, but this is due to convergent evolution.
Image by: 1, 2) David Cook - Wamboin, NSW, Australia  3, 4) Lip Kee Yap -Australia




Genus Struthidea - 1 species

Apostlebird   Struthidea cinerea  Found: Australia
The Apolstlebird has predominantly gray plumage; long black tail; brownish wings; black bill, legs. Its name relates to the tendency to travel in flocks of about 12 birds.
Image by: 1) Rob and Stephanie Levy  2, 3) David Cook - Dubbo, NSW, Australia  4) Charlie Westerinen - Australia