Estrildid FINCHes of ASIA

Order Passeriformes   Family Estrildidae


The finches of family Estrildidae are small birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They are closely related to the true sparrows of family Passeridae. The estrilidid finches are gregarious and often seed-eaters with short, thick, but pointed bills. They vary from 8-17 cm. These finches are all similar in structure and habits, but vary widely in plumage colors and pattern. All the estrildids build large domed nests and lay 510 white eggs. Most are sensitive to cold and require a warm, usually tropical, habitat, although a few have adapted to the cooler climates of southern Australia. They are not closely related to the Fringillid Finches


Genus Amandava

Avadavat, Green  also Green Munia  Amandava formosa  also Sporaeginthus formosa  Found: Indian subcontinent
The Green Avadavat has green upperparts; black and white barred flanks; red bill; yellow under-tail coverts.
Image by: 1) Pkspks - India  2) Abhishek Varma


Avadavat, Red  also  Red Munia  Amandava amandava   Found: Asia
The breeding male Red Avadavat has red upperparst, breas, billt; black eye-line; lower belly, wings; white spotting. Nonbreeding male duller but maintains red rump. Female duller with less white spotting.
Image by: 1) Savisingh  2) Vijay Cavale



Genus Erythrura
The parritfinches usally have mainly green plumage. Most species have blue or red markings on the head and a red rump and tail. The tail is pointed and often fairly long.

Parrotfinch, Blue-faced  Erythrura trichroa  Found: Asia, Australia
The Blue-faced Parrotfinch has blue face, throat; green back; black bill.
Image by: 1) Esbelme


Parrotfinch, Green-faced  Erythrura viridifacies  Found: Philippines
The Green-faced Parrotfinch has mainly green plumage; red upper-tail coverts; long pointed tail; dark bill. Female shorter and shows buff on lower belly..
Image by: 1) Neon Rosell


Parrotfinch, Pin-tailed  Erythrura prasina  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia
Image by: 1, 2) Jason Thompson  3) Chaval BR


Parrotfinch, Red-eared  Erythrura coloria  Found: Mindanao (Philippines)
Image by: 1) Nigel Voaden 2) esbelme



Parrotfinch, Tawny-breasted  Erythrura hyperythra  Found: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
Image by: 1) Shah Jahan - Java (Indonesia)  2) Johm Mittermeir - Java


Parrotfinch, Tricolored  also  Forbes Parrot Finch  Erythrura tricolor   Found: Indonesia
The Tircolored Parrotfinch has green back and wings; blue underparts; red tail; black bill.
Image by:  1, 3, 4, 5) Dick Daniels - Butterfly World - Florida  2) Sandy Cole - Butterfly World in Florida 




Genus Euodice
The African Silverbill and Indian Silverbill are closely related. Some put them in their own genus, Eurodice while others include them in the Lonchura genus.

Silverbill, Indian   Euodice malabarica  also  Lonchura malabarica   Found: Asia
Also known as White-throated Munia  also  White-rumped Silverbill.
The Indian Silverbill has buff-brown upperparts; silver-gray bill; white underparts; dark wings; black tail.
Some individuals have a pronounced white rump while others have little or no white showing on the rump.
Image by: 1) J. M. Garg - Haryana, India  2, 3) DIck Daniels - Hawaii  4, 5, 6, 7) Dick- Butterfly World, Florida 




Genus Lonchura
They are small gregarious birds which feed mainly on seeds, usually in relatively open habitats, preferring to feed on the ground or on reeds of grasses. They have stubby bills, stocky bodies and long tails. Most are 10–12 cm in length. Plumage is usually a combination of browns, black and white, with the sexes similar, but duller and less contrasted for immature birds.

Finch, Java also Java Sparrow  Lonchura oryzivora also Padda oryzivora   Found: North America (escapees), Asia, Australia (introduced),
The Java Sparrow has gray upperparts, breast;  pink belly;  white-cheeked black head; red eye-ring; thick red bill; pink feet.
Similar to: Timor Sparow. Java Sparrow has gray upperparts; Timor Sparow has brown upperparts.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4)  DIck Daniels - Hawaii


Mannikin, Chestnut  also Chestnut Munia also Black-headed Munia Lonchura atricapilla Found: Asia, Philippines, Hawaii
The Chestnut Mannikin has chestnut brown plumage, wings, tail; black head; gray bill,
Image by: 1) DIck Daniels - Kauai, Hawaii  2) Neko Katya


Mannikin, Nutmeg also Scaly-breasted Munia also Spice Finch Lonchura punctulata 
    Found: North America (escapees), Asia, Australia (introduced), Hawaii
The Nutmeg Mannikan has brown upperparts; scale-like markings on the underparts; dark bill.
Similar to: Tricolored Munia. The juvenile Nutmeg Mannikan and juvenile Tricolored Munia are similar.
Image by:  1, 2, 6) Dick Daniels - Kauai, Hawaii  3) Antony Gros - India  4) Bill Lynch - California  5) Durai Raj  
1) Juvenile



Mannikin, White-rumped also  White-rumped Munia   Lonchura striata  Found: Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia
The White-rumped Mannikin has brown upperparts, upper breast; whitish lower-breast, belly; white rump.
Image by: 1) Vengolis  2) JM Garg - India  3) Charles Lam


Munia, Black-faced  Lonchura molucca  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Gollo71


Munia, Black-throated  Lonchura kelaarti  Found: India, Sri Lanka
The Black-throated Munia dark brown upperparts; blackish head, breast, wings; gray bill. Kelaarti  subspecies whitish underparts, rump. Jerdoni subspecies has barred black and white bill, rump.
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Raveen and Varuni
1) L. k. kelaarti  2) L. k. jerdoni


Munia, Dusky  Lonchura fuscans  Found: Borneo (Indonesia, Malaysia)
Image by: 1, 2) Wibowo Djatmiko


Munia, Five-colored  Lonchura quinticolor  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Ron Knight  2) Foto Lulu


Munia, Javan  Lonchura leucogastroides  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Lip Kee  2) Melvin Yap


Munia, Pale-headed  Lonchura pallida  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1, 2) Aurelin Lequoy


Munia, Tricolored  Lonchura malacca  Found: South America (introduced), Asia
The Tricolored Munia has a chestnut back; black head, neck, belly; white belly.
Similar to: Nutmeg Mannikin. The juvenile Nutmeg Mannikan and juvenile Tricolored Munia are similar.
Image by:  1) Krayker - India  2) Barloventomagico - Venezuela


Munia, White-bellied  Lonchura leucogastra  Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
Image by: 1) Neon Rosell


Munia, White-capped  Lonchura ferruginosa  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) Aurelien Lequoy


Sparrow, Timor  Lonchura fuscata  Found: Indonesia
The Timor Sparrow brown upperparts. breast; white cheek; black crown, throat; silvery-blue bil; creamy-white belly.
Similar to: Java Sparow. Java Sparrow has gray upperparts; Timor Sparow has brown upperparts.
Image by: 1, 2) Peter Stubbs





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