The order Piciformes is made up of the woodpecker family Picidae plus 8 other families. Picidae make up about half of the species. In general, the Piciformes are insectivorous, but some exceptions eat mostly fruit. Nearly all Piciformes have parrot-like feet—two toes forward and two back, an arrangement that has obvious advantages for birds that spend much of their time on tree trunks. And most Piciformes do not have down feathers at any age, only true feathers. All nest in cavites.

Family Lybiidae: African Barbets

The family Lybiidae is comprised of the African barbets. They are found throughout most of sub-Saharan Africa. They are usually about 20–25 cm long, plump-looking, with large heads, and their heavy bill is fringed with bristles. They are mainly solitary birds, eating fruit, insects, and small vertebrates. They will also visit plantations and take cultivated fruit and vegetables. Fruit is eaten whole and indigestible material such as seed pits regurgitated later. African barbets are quite similar to the American barbets which also belong to Piciformes.

Genus Buccanodon - 1 species

Barbet, Bristle-nosed  Gymnobucco peli  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Ross Tsai

Barbet, Yellow-spotted  Buccanodon duchaillui  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Dave Curtis - Kenya

Genus Lybius
These barbets are found in sub-Saharan Africa

Barbet, Banded  Lybius undatus  Found: Ethopia
Image by: 1) Kris Maes

Barbet, Bearded  Lybius dubius  Found: tropical west Africa
The Bearded Barbet has black upperparts, head, tail, breast band; black throat whiskers (hence its name); red throat, upper-breast; yellow eye patch; yellow massive bill; white belly possibly with red stains.
Image by: 1) Leszek Leszczynski - Warsaw Zoo, Poland  2) Doug Janson    3) Doug Zwick - Calgary Zoo, Canada  4) Arthur Chapman - Niagara Falls Aviary, Ontario

Barbet, Black-billed  Lybius guifsobalito  Found; Africa
Image by: 1) William Swainson   2) Aviceda - Uganda

Barbet, Black-backed  Lybius minor  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans  2) Mosi Lager - Zambia

Barbet, Black-collared  Lybius torquatus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Dave Govoni - Botswana  2) Steve Evans - South Africa  3) Dick Daniels - Kruger National Park, South Africa

Barbet, Brown-breasted  Lybius melanopterus   Found: Africa 
The Brown-breasted Barbet has red forehead, face, neck; brown breast; white belly.
Image by: 1) Venk - Hamburg Zoo  2) Ken Clifton - Tanzania  3) Marie Hale - Paulton's Park, Hampshire

Barbet, Chaplin's  Lybius chaplini  Found: Zambia
Image by: Niall Perrins

Barbet, Double-toothed  Lybius bidentatus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Althepal - Uganda   2) David Cook - Uganda  3) Nathan Rupert - San Diego Zoo  4) Steve Garvie - Kenya

Barbet, Red-faced  Lybius rubrifacies  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Andrea Schieber

Barbet, White-headed  Lybius leucocephalus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) David Bygott - Tanzania  2) Ken Clifton - Kenya

Barbet, Viellot's  Lybius vieilloti  Found: Africa
The Viellot's Barbet has brown upperparts with a yellow stripe down the back; red head; red and white neck, breast; yellowish belly with dark flank spotting; thick gray bill.
Image by: 1) William Leach   2) Muchaxo - Gambia

Genus Pogoniulus
Tinkerbirds are found in Tropical Africa

Tinkerbird, Moustached  Pogoniulus leucomystax  Found: Africa
Image by:  1, 2) David Bygott - Tanzania

Tinkerbird, Red-fronted Pogoniulus pusillus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Clive Reid - Addo Elephant National Park, Eastern Cape, South Africa 2) Carol Foil - Nairobi National Park, Kenya

Tinkerbird, Western  Pogoniulus coryphaea  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Aviceda

Tinkerbird, Yellow-fronted Pogoniulus chrysoconus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Ian White - Namibia  2) Arno Meintjes  3, 4) JV Verde - Gambia 

Tinkerbird, Yellow-rumped  Pogoniulus bilineatus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Arno Meintjes  2) ChriKo - Kenya  3, 4) Nathan Rupert - San Diego Zoo    5) Graham Canny - Ethiopia  6)  Clive Reid - Zambia

Genus Stactolaema
African barbets.

Barbet, Anchieta's  Stactolaema anchietae  Found: Angola, Congo, Zambia
Image by: John Gerrard Keulemans

Barbet, Green  Stactolaema olivacea  Found: Africa
Image by: Steve Garvie - Kenya

Barbet, White-eared  Stactolaema leucotis  Found: Africa
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - South Africa 

Genus Trachyphonus
These African barbets are more terrestrial than the other African barbets.

Barbet, d'Arnaud's Trachyphonus darnaudii   Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Yathin  2, 3) Dick Daniels - Tanzaia  4) Aftab Uzzaman - Kenya

Barbet, Crested Trachyphonus vaillantii   Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Vjosullivan  2) Arno Meintjes   3) Greg Tee    4) Dick Daniels - Kruger National Park, South Africa

Barbet, Red-and-yellow Trachyphonus erythrocephalus   Found: Africa
Image by:  1) Darren Bellerby - Jurong Bird Park, Singapore  2, 3) Trisha Shears at Cincinnati Zoo  4) Dick Daniels - Tanzaia

Barbet, Usambiro  Trachyphonus usambiro  Found: Kenya, Tanzania
Image by: Neil Strickland

Barbet, Yellow-billed  Trachyphonus purpuratus  Found: Africa
Image by: 1) Steve Garvie - Kenya   2) Michael and Helen Cox

Barbet, Yellow-breasted  Trachyphonus margaritatus  Found: Africa
Image by: Nicolas le Jeune

Genus Tricholaema

Barbet, Black-throated  Tricholaema melanocephala  Found; Africa
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2) Ken Clifton - Tanzania

Barbet, Pied  Tricholaema leucomelas  Found: Africa 
Image by: 1, 2) Francesco Veronesi - Etosha Namibia 

Barbet, Red-fronted  Tricholaema diademata  Found: Africa
Image by: 1, 2) David Bygott - Tanzania
1) Agressive during banding!

Barbet, Spot-flanked  Tricholaema lacrymosa   Found: Africa 
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya  2, 3, 4) Carol Foil - Kenya

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