CORVIDAE of Africa

The Corvidae family contains the crows, ravens, rooks, jackdaws, jays, magpies, treepies, choughs and nutcrackers. They are considered the most intelligent of the birds. They are medium to large in size, with strong feet and bills, and a single moult each year (most passerines moult twice). Most species have bristle-like feathers covering their nostrils. They are omnivores having a varied diet. Corvids are found worldwide except for the tip of South America and the polar ice caps. [abstracted from Wikipedia]


Crows and Allies

Order Passeriformes    Family Corvidae



Genus Corvus

The genus Corvus consists of large birds that are are either black all over, or mainly black with white or gray patches. They range in size from the relatively small Jackdaws to the very large Common Raven. The 40 or so members of this genus occur on all continents except South America and Antarctica.

Crow, Cape also Black Crow  Corvus capensis Found: Africa 
Image by: 1) Steve Nova  2) Cristiano Crolle - Etosha Nat.Park, Namibia  3, 4) Dick Daniels - De Hoop, South Africa


Crow, Pied Corvus albus   Found: Africa
The Pied Crown has mainly black plumage, bill, legs; white shoulders, breast.
Similar to: White-necked Raven. Pied Crow has much more white than White-necked Raven.
Image by:  1) Engineer111  2, 3, 9) Dick Daniels near Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Game Reserve, South Africa   4, 5) Dick - Madagascar   6, 7,8) Dick - Tanzania    10) Cristiano Crolle - Etosha Nat.Park, Namibia


Crow, Somali also Dwarf Raven Corvus edithae  Found: east Africa
The Somali Crow has brownish black plumage.
Similar to: Brown-necked Raven. Brown-necked Raven is larger than Somali Crow. They can be differentiated by voice.
Imge by: 1) Steve Nova  2, 3) Sergey Yeliseev - Ethiopia


Crow, Stresemann's Bush-  Zavattariornis stresemanni  Found: Africa
The Stresemann's Bush-Crow has mainly bluish-gray plumage; creamy-white throat, breast; glossy black wings; brown eye surrounded by bright blue skin. Resembles a starling, but DNA suggests it belongs to the crow family.
Image by: 1) Steve Nova  2) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya 3) Sandy Wall - Ethiopia




RAVENS

Raven, Brown-necked  Corvus ruficollis  Found: North Africa, Asia
The Brown-necked Raven has brownish-black head, neck; rest of plumage is glossy black with purplish-blue gloss.
Similar to: Somali Crow. Brown-necked Raven is larger than Somali Crow. They can be differentiated by voice.
Image by: 1) Steve Nova  2, 3) Yip Kee - Egypt 4) Marcel Holyoak


Raven, Common  Corvus corax   Found: North America, Europe, Asia, Africa
Apart from its greater size, the Common Raven differs from its cousins, the crows, by having a larger and heavier, black beak, shaggy feathers around the throat and above the beak, and a wedge-shaped tail.
Image by: 1) Hogroth  2) Dick Daniels - Arizona   3, 4, 45) Dick - Wyoming   6) Dick - Napel   7) Dick - California  


Raven, Fan-tailed Corvus rhipidurus   Found: Asia, Africa
The Fan-tailed Raven has black plumage, bill, legs, feet. Plumage has a purplish-blue gloss in good light. Base of feathers on upper neck are white, but only seen in windy conditions.
Image by: 1) Steve Nova  2) Dick Daniels - Tanzania


Raven, Thick-billed  Corvus crassirostris  Found: Ethiopia, Eritrea, and nearby
The Thick-billed Raven has mainly black plumage; large thick black bil with white tipl; white patch on rear of neck.
Image by: 1) Steve Nova  2) Ondrej Zvacek


Raven, White-necked  Corvus albicollis  Found: Africa
The White-necked Raven is predominantly black. It has white semi-collar on back of neck; black bill has white tip.
Similar to: Pied Crow. Pied Crow has much more white than White-necked Raven.
Image by: 1) Vblase  2) Dick Daniels - specimen in Nairobi National Museum, Kenya 3) Greg Hume - Cincinnati Zoo  4) David Schenfeld - Rwanda 5) Cristiano Crolle - Knysna, South Africa



Genus Pyrrhocorax
The choughs are resident in the mountains.. They have long broad wings and perform spectacular aerobatics. They build a lined stick nest and lay three to five eggs. They feed, usually in flocks, on short grazed grassland, taking mainly invertebrate prey, supplemented by vegetable material or food from human habitation, especially in winter.

Chough, Alpine  also Yellow-billed Chough  Pyrrhocorax graculus   Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The Alpine Chough has glossy black plumage; yellow bill; red legs.
Image by: 1) Gunter Hildebrandt   2) Mathias Bigge - Austria  3) Charlie Westerinen - Eiger, Switzerland


Chough, Red-billed  Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax   Found: Europe, Asia, Africa
The Red-billed Chough has glossy black plumage; long curved red bill; red legs.
Image by: 1) Yomangani  2) Malte Uhl 3) Dibyendu Ash - India 4) Paul Roberts - Wales
2) Pyrrhocorax Pyrrhocorax barbarus  3) P. p. himalayanusone





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